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General principles of Nursing Informatics- generalist (have experience in the field and may be very knowledgable but have not been educated at the graduate level. and informatics specialistKnowledge – a synthesis of information from several sources to produce a single conceptWisdom- occurs when knowledge is used appropriately to manage and solve problems. Scientific Underpinning –provide basis of knowledge for advance nursing practice. Include biology, physiology, psychology, ethics and nursing. The Foundation of Knowledge Model- knowledge acquisition, knowledge dissemination, knowledge generation, and knowledge processing. Computer science- offers extremely valuable tools that can facilitate the acquisition and manipulation of data and info by nurses who can then synthesize these into knowledge and wisdomCognitive science- studies the mind, intelligence, and behavior from an information- processing perspective. Attempts to solve problems in two connected areas in a multidisciplinary approach. Information science- informatics- the science and art of turning data into informationStandard Terminology- contribute to development of knowledge bc they ensure all professionals share the same understanding or meaning of a given