Module 5 Regulatory and Legal Acts and Executive Orders

Module 5 Regulatory and Legal Acts and Executive Orders -...

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Regulatory and Legal Acts and Executive Orders This section is designed to help you quickly and easily see and discover all the employment related legislation and briefly review the meaning and intent of important Acts and Executive Orders. The table that follows is presented in chronological order of when legislation was passed, and presents a brief description of each law. YEAR ACTS BASIC PROVISIONS 1866 Civil Rights Act, Section 1981 Gives all persons, regardless of race, age, and national origin, the same contractual rights as Caucasians; does not apply to sex-based discrimination 1871 Civil Rights Act, Section 1983 Gives all persons, regardless of race, age, and national origin, the same contractual rights as Caucasians; does apply to sex-based discrimination. 1890 Sherman Anti-Trust Act Prohibits businesses in interstate commerce from contracting, combining, or conspiring to restrain trade; prohibits attempting to monopolize the market in a particular area of business. 1914 Clayton Act Exempts unions from the Sherman Anti-Trust Act; limits the use of injunctions to stop a strike. 1926 Railway Labor Act Provides the right to organize and for majority choice of representatives; prohibits “yellow dog” contracts and outlines dispute settlement procedures; covers railroad and airline employees. 1931 Davis-Bacon Act Requires payment of specified wage rates and fringe benefits on federal government contracts for public- works construction in excess of $2,000. 1932 Norris-LaGuardia Act Prohibits “yellow dog” contracts and injunctions for nonviolent activity of unions (strikes, picketing, and boycotts); limits union liability and covers all employers and labor organizations. 1933 National Industrial Recovery Act Guarantees employees the right to join unions and bargain collectively; this law was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1935. 1934 Copeland “Anti-Kickback” Act Prohibits contractors from inducing anyone in the construction or repair of public works to give up any portion of the compensation to which they are otherwise entitled.
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1934 Securities and Exchange Act Extends the “disclosure” doctrine of investor protection to securities listed and registered for public trading on our national securities exchanges. 1935 Walsh-Healy Act (Public Contracts Act) Guarantees prevailing wages to employees of government contractors with contracts of $10,000 or more. 1935 Social Security Act (OASDHI) Provides income and health care to retired employees and income to survivors of employees who have died; covers virtually all employers. 1935
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