Microsoft PowerPoint - BUILDING TECHNOLOGY 1_CMU.ppt [Compatibility M.pdf - BUILDING TECHNOLOGY 1 MATERIALS CONCRETE MASONRY UNIT 2.4 MASONRY WALLS

Microsoft PowerPoint - BUILDING TECHNOLOGY 1_CMU.ppt [Compatibility M.pdf

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BUILDING TECHNOLOGY 1 MATERIALS: CONCRETE MASONRY UNIT
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2.4 MASONRY WALLS Masonry walls consist of modular building blocks bonded together with mortar to form walls that are durable, fire-resistant, and structurally efficient in compression. Masonry walls may be constructed as solid walls, cavity walls, or veneered walls . SOLID WALL CAVITY WALL VENEERED WALL
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Masonry walls may also be classified as unreinforced or reinforced . Unreinforced masonry walls , also called plain masonry walls , incorporate horizontal joint reinforcement and metal wall ties to bond wythes of a solid or cavity walls. SOLID MASONRY CAVITY WALLS MASONRY Reinforced masonry walls, utilize steel reinforcing bars embedded in grout filled joints and cavities to aid the masonry in resisting stresses. Wythe–refers to a continuous vertical section of a wall that is one masonry unit in thickness. Grout–1. Mortar containing a considerable amount of water so that it has the consistency of a viscous liquid, permitting it to be poured or pumped into joints, spaces, and cracks within masonry walls and floors, between pieces of ceramic tiles, and into joints between preformed roof deck units. 2. In foundation work, mixtures of cement, cement-sand,
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