Chapter 4 Social Class and Families

Chapter 4 Social Class and Families - Chapter 4 Social...

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Chapter 4 Social Class and Families The Impact of Economic Restructuring Technological changes Different types of jobs and skills Workers replaced with machines Loss of skilled and semi-skilled jobs to developing countries The Impact of Economic Restructuring (cont.) Without college: Low paying service and unskilled manual labor jobs Nonstandard employment Contingency workers without job security and benefits Prosperity of 1950s and 60s Good incomes, jobs available Abundant/affordable goods The Impact of Economic Restructuring (cont.) Stagnating wages, especially for men Entry-level jobs hard hit Work often performed by young parents with high school education Wage gap between more-educated and less- educated males has widened Housing prices up Unequal Distribution of Income Distribution of family income Proportion of the total income of all families in the nation that each family receives Figure 4.1 Share of income received by each fifth of families Unequal Distribution of Income Three reasons for families Growing inequality in the earnings of men The growth of single-parent families The movement of middle-class women into the workforce Key economic difference is whether or not a husband is present Poverty more likely to occur for single mothers and children Prosperity more likely to be two dual-earner parents Figure 4.2 Percentage of families with children under 18 that had income below the poverty line Figure 4.3 Median income of three types of families Defining Social Class Social class: An ordering of all persons in society by degrees of economic resources, prestige, and privilege Viewed in 2 ways: Class position: A person’s position is determined by relationship to means of production Contradictory class location: A job that has the characteristics of more than one class position Life chances – the resources and opportunities that people have to provide themselves with
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Chapter 4 Social Class and Families - Chapter 4 Social...

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