Chapter 7,8,9 ppt word

Chapter 7,8,9 ppt word - Chapter 7: Cohabitation and...

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Chapter 7: Cohabitation and Marriage Historically Marriages were arranged Still being done in some cultures In the United States, expectations about marriage have changed drastically Forming a Union Union: Stable, intimate relationship between two people who live in the same household but or may or may not be married Parental Influence – not as strong as it once was Developing nations still strong influence Changed about the time that men and women began marrying without influence of family farm or birth order (1750s) Without property, etc. parents had less to say Effects of wage labor Anglo American Courtship Courtship – publicly visible process with rules and restrictions Carefully established social norms governed this process Public meeting places, group setting Night visiting, family present No privacy until engagement This was the norm until mid-1800s Courtship met its demise after 1900 Migration from rural areas Industrial capitalism Higher standards of living Adolescence, a new stage of life General mobility increased Range of choices increased Rise of Love Marriage 1
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Increase in love, emotional involvement, partnership and sexual fulfillment Due to – urbanization and shift toward labor exposure to Western Media Migration flows The Rise and Fall of Dating Courtship – based on dating People began leaving home and going out on “dates” Placed courtship on economic basis Shifted balance of power from women to men men had the money Shifted balance of power from parents to teenagers and young adults Responsibility of sexual activity shifted to women Petting and necking was central part of dating Social sanctions were peer based Dating became closely connected to marriage Heyday of dating 1945-1965 High school and college dating Parents had grown up in this system By 1960, 2/3 of boys and 3/4 of girls had begun dating by 9th grade All had dated by 12th grade 1960s and 1970s -- dating system less connected to marriage Trend toward independent living Average age of marriage increased Increase in divorce Sharp rise in premarital intercourse Cohabitation became common 2
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Marriage 90% of whites and 67% of African Americans are projected to eventually marry Literature suggests great change in marriage From Institution to Companionship Preindustrial Western nations guided by law and customs Not affection and emotion Parents, especially fathers played a greater role in spouse selection Modest standard of living The Institutional Marriage The institutional marriage: Marriage with emphasis on male authority, duty, and conformity to social norms Pre-20th century companionship and sexual fulfillment became norms for successful marriage The Companionship Marriage Companionship marriage: Emphasis on affection, friendship, and sexual gratification
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Chapter 7,8,9 ppt word - Chapter 7: Cohabitation and...

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