Chapter 10 The Elderly and Their Families

Chapter 10 The Elderly and Their Families - Chapter 9...

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Chapter 9: Children and Parents Historically One in six children lives in poverty 12% of teenagers 15-19 years becomes pregnant Homicide leading cause of death for black males 40% of children witness parents’ breakup Some critics say parents are not providing children with what they need to become productive adults What Are Parents Supposed to Do for Children? Parents supply Love, nurturing, and care to develop sense of trust Assistance toward autonomy Guidance, discipline, and support Major source of socialization Socialization as Support and Control Types of Parenting (Baumrind) Authoritarian low emotional support and coercive control Permissive some support with low or no control Authoritative high levels of emotional support and inductive control Socialization and Ethnicity Baumrind’s study more likely to apply to middle class whites Primary task of socialization is to familiarize child with his/her culture Teaching of norms and values Norms: Widely accepted rules Values: Goals or principles that are held in high esteem by a society Socialization and Social Class Differences by social classification Social class and parental values Working class is highly supervised at work More likely to focus on obedience and conformity Middle class is less supervised at work More likely to focus on independence and self-direction Socialization and Gender Two-way process Parents and children influence each other Children through behavior; parents through decisions Religion and Socialization Conservative Protestantism Fathers are more authoritarian Believe in traditional gender roles Spank children more often Hug and praise more often too “Mainline” Protestant Fathers spank less Less involved with children, though What’s Important? Material and physical support Emotional support Control Supervise and monitor children’s behavior Androgyny Encourage children to exhibit behaviors of both genders What Differences Do Fathers Make? Fathers do make a difference When fathers were involved with children, the children Were more responsible Had fewer behavior problems
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Got along better with others Fathers Relate to Young Children Differently than Mothers Fathers play more – “rough and tumble” Helps with regulation of emotion Leads children to have more friends and more self-control Fathers’ Influence is Often Indirect Fathers’ influence often works through mothers The better quality of parents’ relationship, the better the child fares Father provides income Fathers’ Influence on Children is Long Term As Well As Short Term Influence likely to be more subtle and long-term Generatively: Feeling of concern or interest in guiding and shaping next generation Leads to greater success as children become adults
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Chapter 10 The Elderly and Their Families - Chapter 9...

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