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Chapter 11Domestic Violence

Chapter 11Domestic Violence - Chapter 11 Domestic Violence...

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Chapter 11 -- Domestic Violence Domestic Violence in Historical Perspective o Domestic violence: Violent acts between family members or between women and men in intimate or dating relationships Early History 1. Government should enforce moral behavior (Puritans) 1. Moral behavior excluded wife beating or other violent acts by husbands 2. Intervention supported when seen as shoring up of families 1. Not supported when seen as undermining men’s authority over families 2. First law against wife beating enacted in 1641 in Massachusetts 1. Enforcement of this unclear—actual number charged was small 3. Late 1800s child protection movement began 1. Children viewed as emotionally rewarding beings to be nurtured The Twentieth Century—The Political Model of Domestic Violence o Power and authority of men over women Social structure supported men’s control over women through law and social custom “Rule of Thumb”—man could beat his wife with stick no thicker than his thumb Deeply rooted in laws and customs Supporting male dominance End only with political action by women’s groups and their allies The Medical Model of Domestic Violence o Domestic violence seen as illness and source of injury Both victim and abuser in need of help o First 20 years of 20th century saw establishment of domestic relations courts No real movement until 1962 “Battered Children’s Syndrome” No attention to wife beating until mid 1970s Political pressure by feminist movement Rape became an issue Formation of services for rape victims o Feminist movement’s fundamental goal was to remove social supports of male violence Emphasis on individualism in family life helped o By end of 1970s almost every state had enacted laws to protect women from violence Intimate Partner Violence o Disagreement among researchers about what constitutes domestic violence Most studies focus on married and cohabitating couples – new studies focus on broader concept of “intimate partners” (boyfriends/girlfriends) o Two Kinds of Violence Situational couple violence – violence which arises from a specific situation in which one or both partners act aggressively in anger
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