Pos._Psych._Ch._2_ppt - EMOTIONS AND MOTIVATION IN POSITIVE...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
EMOTIONS AND MOTIVATION IN POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND EMOTION The Basic Emotions: seven to ten – some combined 1. Enjoyment 2. Happiness 3. Joy 4. Interest 5. Anticipation
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Basic Emotions can be combined in many ways to create other more subtle variations. For Example: Optimism is a combination of anticipation and joy Awe is a combination of surprise and fear In other words a positive emotion that is often related to religious experiences can be created from a specific combination of a somewhat positive emotion – surprise and a basic negative emotion – fear. Therefore we need negative emotions in our lives.
Background image of page 2
Three Basic Broad Dimensions of Negative Emotions ( David Watson 2002) Three Basis Dimensions Are: 1. joviality i.e., happiness, cheerfulness, enthusiasm 2. assurance i.e., confidence, daring 3. attentiveness i.e., alertness, concentration, determination Note all three of these dimensions are involved when we are happily absorbed in an activity that we enjoy and are performing well. How we experience our emotional lives is also influenced by the societies and cultures we live in.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Evolutionary Need for Positive Emotions So, at least a few basic emotions are innate. Why do we need positive emotions? For the moment, suffice it to say that there are reasonable scientific arguments that support the idea that positive emotions are absolutely necessary for human evolution, adaptation, and survival.
Background image of page 4
The Biology of Positive Emotions and Pleasure Pleasurable responses are caused by the release of chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters Endorphins appear to increase pleasure and decrease the experience of pain. Levels of endorphins also increase as much as 200 percent during sexual intercourse. Recent work has suggested that the brain also makes its own version of THC – active ingredient in marijuana.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Bumper Sticker “I’m not really happy it’s just a chemical imbalance!” Different Roles of Positive and Negative Emotions Study of negative emotions is not a predictor of positive emotions. Positive emotions are somewhat difficult to study in the laboratory. While fear, anger, and sadness create different facial expressions, all positive emotions share the characteristics of a basic genuine smile.
Background image of page 6
Broaden-and-Build Model of Positive Emotions (Barbara Fredrickson) First, they provide nonspecific action tendencies that can lead to adaptive behavior. Second, positive emotions also provide the spark for changes in cognitive activity that can lead to newer and more adaptive thought-action tendencies. Fredridkson’s broaden-and build model posits that positive emotions broaden our awareness and then build upon the resultant learning to create future emotional and intellectual resources. (pg. 26)
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Broaden and Build Model (cont.) Positive emotions help us to broaden our available options to maximize our future resources. (see example re: love pg. 27)
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course HUM SRVS 100 taught by Professor Lovern/elam during the Fall '07 term at Allan Hancock College.

Page1 / 35

Pos._Psych._Ch._2_ppt - EMOTIONS AND MOTIVATION IN POSITIVE...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online