Pos_Psych_Ch_3 - Subjective Well-Being Subjective well-being studies that investigate causes predictors and consequences of happiness and

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Subjective Well-Being Subjective well-being – studies that investigate causes, predictors, and consequences of happiness and satisfaction with life. Two major variables: Happiness Satisfaction with life
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Cont. When researchers ask people about their happiness , they are asking them to report on their emotional state and how they feel about their world and themselves. Questions about a person’s satisfaction with life tend to address a more global judgment about the acceptability of his or her life. These answers are the result of a more cognitive process. Low neuroticism – is sometimes added to form the basic triad of subjective well-being.
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The Measurement of Subjective Well-Being Problem with the measurement – who will define it. One solution – straightforward approach – simply ask someone “Are you happy?” or “How happy are you?” Used responses as valid data in their studies.
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Self-Report Measures of Subjective Well-Being First, all assumed that the amount of happiness or satisfaction could be translated into number scales. Second, assumption that if two different people both scored an 8 on the same test, then they both had approximately the same level of happiness. In addition there was some degree of validity in cross-cultural comparisons of subjective well- being.
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The Stability of Subjective Well-Being Research supports idea that a person’s average level of happiness and life satisfaction is relatively stable. Life events, moods, and other daily fluctuations do have an impact on how people evaluate their subjective well-being on a day-to-day basis.
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Are Most People Happy or Unhappy? Most people reported levels of happiness and satisfaction with their lives that were higher than expected. “Above average”
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Top-Down and Bottom-Up Theories Two general approaches to the question of what is important for happiness. First, is that happiness and satisfaction depend on the sum of many smaller pleasures and happy moments. Bottom-up theory – well-being is a summation of the positive experiences in a person’s life. More frequent the pleasant moments, the happier a person will be including job, marriage, income.
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Cont. Other perspective is that subjective well- being is more related to a general tendency to evaluate and interpret experiences in a positive way or the top-down theory. This approach is measured by looking a personality traits, attitudes, or the ways a person interprets experiences in life.
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Cont. Note: If the bottom-up perspective is correct, then efforts to improve will-being should focus on changing the environments and situations that a person experiences – better jobs, safer neighborhoods, and more income, to name just a few options.
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Cont. If the top-down is correct, ten efforts to
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course HUM SRVS 100 taught by Professor Lovern/elam during the Fall '07 term at Allan Hancock College.

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Pos_Psych_Ch_3 - Subjective Well-Being Subjective well-being studies that investigate causes predictors and consequences of happiness and

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