Pos._Psych._Ch._6_ppt. - Wellness, Health Psychology, And...

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Wellness, Health Psychology, And Positive Psychology The idea that psychical health and vitality are important to the good life is one of the oldest assumptions of psychological well- being. Throughout history many people saw physical vitality as a source of well-being.
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Wellness (WHO) Official position on health was, “Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.” Wellness was used to refer to states of optimal physical, mental, and emotional health. (Halbert L.Dunn)
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Cont. For Dunn, wellness was a state in which a person had A zest for life A way of living that maximized potential A sense of meaning and purpose A sense of social responsibility Skills for adapting to the challenges of a changing environment.
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Cont. Today, the wellness perspective encompasses: The benefits of exercise Nutrition Stress management Emotional self-regulation Social support Personal growth (Edlin & Golanty, 1992)
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Health Psychology 1970’s focused on all the behavioral factors that might affect a person’s health. Health Psych. Would include interest areas: Using psychological knowledge to prevent risk factors for disease Increasing compliance with health directives Creating public policy investigations into how the health care system can work better
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Cont. Early focus of Health Psychology was compatible with Positive Psychology: How to use the knowledge of psychology to enhance health status beyond the curing of disease and toward greater wellness.
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Psychoneuroimmunology PNI is the accepted acronym – has looked at the relationships between psychological processes (especially emotion), the functioning of the nervous system, and the body’s immune system. One of the first studies to provide strong evidence for a direct causal connection between health status and psychological factors was published in 1991. The study suggested a direct connection between psychological stress and vulnerability to the common cold.
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Psychological Factors Important to Health Research on PNI and the immune system has shown that psychological factors can have a measurable impact on the working of our immune system.
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Social Support Social Support can include emotional support such as: Caring and empathy Getting positive feedback about our behavior Receiving helpful information The willingness of others to give us their time Or other tangible forms of assistance Often, the perception that we are loved or supported is important to our health status.
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Cont. Presence of social support has been associated with positive health outcomes such as: Greater resistance to disease Lower rates of coronary heart disease Faster recovery from heart disease and heart surgery Lower mortality Can also help increase compliance with medical treatments, may help reduce the levels of
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Cont. For ethnic minorities a perceived closeness to
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course HUM SRVS 100 taught by Professor Lovern/elam during the Fall '07 term at Allan Hancock College.

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Pos._Psych._Ch._6_ppt. - Wellness, Health Psychology, And...

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