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StudyGuideExam3 - 12. What is DNA replication? 13. How many...

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C118 Exam 3 Study Guide Chapter 12: Genetics and the Chemistry of Heredity (Professor Flood) 1. When was the structure of DNA discovered and when was the first human genome mapped? 2. How is genetic information organized in humans 3. What ink is genetic information written with? 4. How long is an average piece of DNA in the human genome and how wide is it? 5. Write DNA in full 6. What are the components of a nucleotide and what are their solubilities like in water? 7. Why are the components called base? Why is DNA an acid? Where does the “deoxy” come from? 8. Name at least three critical observations that were important for discovering the structure of DNA? 9. What does the X-ray diffraction photo of DNA remind you of? 10. Define hydrogen bonds and draw them between the DNA bases 11. What holds the two strands of the DNA duplex together?
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Unformatted text preview: 12. What is DNA replication? 13. How many base pairs in a codon? 14. What is the central dogma of molecular biology? 15. Define the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins and list the properties that help control these levels of structure 16. What do amino acids do for the active site in enzymes? 17. Speculate why the two amino acid mutations in the proteins in side red blood cells lead to sickle cell anemia 18. What is the goal of the human genome project? 19. What are the issues associated with knowing the human genome for every person 20. What is the film that explores the ideas in question 19? 21. How does recombinant DNA work and what can it generate? 22. Understand the process of PCR...
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This note was uploaded on 07/02/2011 for the course CHEM-C 118 taught by Professor Flood during the Spring '10 term at Indiana.

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