Lecture36-notes

Lecture36-notes - 11/19/09 Reading Chapter 12: 12.1-12.3,...

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11/19/09 1 Reading Chapter 12: 12.1-12.3, 12.6-12.9 Practice problems: in text problems and 19, 21-24, 28 Carbonyl Compounds II: Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones • More Reactions of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives Aldehydes and Ketones The Structure of Aldehydes and Ketones
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11/19/09 2 Aldehydes and Ketones The Structure of Formaldehyde Trigonal-planar geometry Aldehydes and Ketones Covalent Bonding in Aldehydes and Ketones s bond (overlap of sp 2 orbitals of carbon and oxygen)
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11/19/09 3 Aldehydes and Ketones Covalent Bonding in Aldehydes and Ketones p bond (overlap of parallel 2 p orbitals) Aldehydes and Ketones Covalent Bonding in Aldehydes and Ketones Two nonbonding electron pairs in filled sp 2 hybrid orbitals
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11/19/09 4 Common Names Aldehydes • The common name for an aldehyde is derived from the common name of the corresponding carboxylic acid by changing the suffix –ic to –aldehyde . Nomenclature of
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Lecture36-notes - 11/19/09 Reading Chapter 12: 12.1-12.3,...

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