R340Exam1StudyTopics

R340Exam1StudyTopics - Chem R340 Exam 1 Study Topics...

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Chem R340 Exam 1 Study Topics Chapter 1 1. Atomic structure/electronic structure a. periodicity and atomic orbitals 2. Lewis dot structures a. octet rule (duet for H) b. drawing structures c. formal charge 3. VSEPR theory a. predicting 3D-molecular structures 4. Molecular orbitals and hybridization a. sp 3 , sp 2 , and sp hybridized orbitals (expected geometries and properties) b. σ and π bonds c. single, double, and triple bonds 5. Molecular interactions a. Polar covalent bonds i. electronegativity Chapter 2 1. Definitions of acids and bases a. Brønsted-Lowry acids and bases i. conjugate acid-base pair relationships b. Lewis acids and bases 2. p K a and pH a. acid dissociation constants, K a b. definition of p K a i. relationship between p K a and acid strength (and conjugate base strength) c. if the pH = p K a then [HA] = [A - ] i. estimation of ionization of an acid given the pH and the acid p K a 3. Factors that affect acid strength
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a. resonance b. electronegativity c. atomic size
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R340Exam1StudyTopics - Chem R340 Exam 1 Study Topics...

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