biology final

biology final - David Jones BIOL 1104K STUDY GUIDE Fall...

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David Jones BIOL 1104K STUDY GUIDE Fall 2007 1. What are the functions of the Urinary system? Filters blood, produces urine, excretes wastes, maintain blood osmolarity, blood volume, pH, and blood pressure 2. Kidney, Ureter, Urinary bladder and Urethra are parts of Urinary system. 3. What is the function of Erythropoietin? which stimulates red blood cell production. Also help in calcium reabsorption during digestion. 4. Which organ secrets the hormone “Erythropoietin”? Kidneys 5. What is the name of microscopic structures found in the kidney? nephrons 6. The three steps involved in Urine production are Glomerular filtration Tubular Reabsorption Tubular Secretion . 7. The pigment that gives yellow color to the urine is ____ _urochrome __________. 8. What is the relationship between the level of ADH and Urine production? Increased levels of ADH produce concentrated urine, more water is reabsorbed in the kidney tubules, decreases urine volume 9. Which one of the two has more Urea: Urine or Plasma? Urine 10. Urea is a waste product of ___ protein _____________metabolism. 11. Re absorption of water results in the concentration of Antidiuretic hormone in Urine. 12. Tubular Secretion takes place in this part of the Nephron_ distal convoluted tubule . 13. During Inspiration the air moves into lungs through these structures: oral and nasal cavity pharynx larynx trachea primary bronchi secondary bronchi tertiary bronchi bronchioles terminal bronchioles lungs 14. The function of Vocal Cords is to: vibrate producing sound 15. Vocal cords are located in the: Larynx
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David Jones 16. External respiration involves: Exchange of gases-O 2 and Co 2 between air and blood in lungs in alveoli. 17. Internal respiration involves: Exchange of gases-O 2 and Co 2 between blood and tissue fluid. 18. Cellular respiration involves: Production of ATP in cells using O 2 obtained by respiration. 19. The largest artery found in human body is called: Aorta 20. The largest vein found in human body is called: Inferior (lower body) and Superior Vena (head, chest, arms) 21. Systole is when heart muscles: is the contraction of heart muscles 22. Diastole is when heart muscles: is relaxation of heart muscles. 23. Alveoli are sac like structures found in the: the lungs 24. When does the Lub sound occur: Then sound of heart beat is due to closing of atrioventricular 25. When does the Dup sound occur: Then sound of heart beat is due to closing of semilunar valves 26. Pacemaker is also known as the: The SA node 27. What is the function of Purkinje fibers: Extrinsic Control of Heartbeat – autonomic system, part of nervous system and hormones – epinephrine and norepinephrine secreted by medulla can modify heartbeat 28. Which two hormones released by Adrenal Medulla increase the rate of heart beat? Epinephrine (Norepinephrine) Thyroxin
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This note was uploaded on 06/28/2011 for the course BIOL 1101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Kennesaw.

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biology final - David Jones BIOL 1104K STUDY GUIDE Fall...

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