PS374.Politics.Policy.November12

PS374.Politics.Policy.November12 - PS 374 Government Action...

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Unformatted text preview: PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 1 Why Gove e Action ? rnm nt ProtectiveServices Redistribution Economic Stabilization PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 2 The problem of complexity Multiple arenas (or "venues") Forum (arena) shopping Diverse, divergent and diffuse interests Fluid participation PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 3 Current Health Reform Proposals Abortion A Public Plan PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 4 S hould Abortion S rvice bepaid for with publicly e s supporte insurance d ? A. No not at all A. Sometimes (in thecaseof rape, incest B. Sometimes (in thecaseof rape, incest, threat to the m ntal he of them r) e alth othe E. Always PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 5 Why Gove e Action ? rnm nt Distribution and Allocation Economies of Scale ("Natural Monopolie s") Problem of Stranded Costs Cross Subsidies PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 6 Why Gove e Action ? rnm nt Market Failures I nformation Failures Externalities Missing Markets PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 7 The Politics of Public Policies... Perceived Costs of Policy Distributed Distributed Perceived Benefits from Policy Concentrated Concentrated Majoritarian Entrepreneuria Politics l Politics Client Politics I nterest-group Politics PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 8 Majoritarian Politics Many pay; Many benefit National Defense Social Security Basic Research PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 9 I nte st Group Politics re A few pay; a few benefit ... "I nside the Beltway" Defense Department Contracting Tax Code PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 10 Client Politics Many pay; A few benefit Sugar subsidies Pork-barrel politics... PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 11 Entre ne pre urial Politics A few pay; Many benefit ... the role of policy entrepreneurs (like Ralph Nadar) Automobile safety regulation Environmental emissions regulations (sometimes...!) PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 12 PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 13 We have a system of limited participation Participation in US National Elections Percent of Voting Age Population That Voted 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 19 30 19 36 19 42 19 48 19 54 19 60 19 66 19 72 19 78 19 84 19 90 19 96 20 02 House of Representatives PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Presidency 14 Government Action and Politics Collective Action The Collective Action Problem when collective action is required, and many must act, but everyone will benefit, whether they contributed, or not, they face... ... The Free Rider Problem if people benefit, whether they help or not, they have an incentive to do nothing (and benefit anyway) ... PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 15 Collective Action ... and, if everyone "free rides" (as they should rationally do), then no one will work on the collective problem and nothing will happen. So why would anybody contribute to the common purpose? PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 16 The problem of complexity The problem: (in a world where some interests speak more loudly than others) " ... who speaks for the others and for unrepresented values?" Robe rts... PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 17 The problem of the "disadvantaged" The"resourcetrap" The"leadership trap" PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 18 The problem of the "disadvantaged" The cycle of Leadership and organization Mobilization and action Symbolic reassurance and "cooptation" PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 19 Some more terms Congressional Committee, ... relevant subcommittee "Iron Triangles" Agency And Bureaucracy Interest Groups "Subsystem politics", the "revolving door" PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 20 Lowi and Interest Group Liberalism The most important difference between liberals and conservatives, Republicans and Democrats, is to be found in the interest groups they identify with. Congressmen are guided in their votes, presidents in their programs, and administrators in their discretion by whatever organized interests they have taken for themselves as the most legitimate; and that is the measure of the legitimacy of demands and the only PS 374 (November 12, 2009) necessary guidelines for Politics framing of Government Action and the 21 PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 22 PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 23 A world of "unive ticke fixing" rsal t PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 24 PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 25 PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 26 PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 27 PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 28 An Accounting of Daily Gun Deaths, by Bill Marsh, New York Times, April 22, 2007, based on data from the Centers for Disease Control PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 29 An Accounting of Daily Gun Deaths, by Bill Marsh, New York Times, April 22, 2007, based on data from the Centers for Disease Control PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 30 An Accounting of Daily Gun Deaths, by Bill Marsh, New York Times, April 22, 2007, based on data from the Centers for Disease Control PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 31 PS 374 (November 12, 2009) An Accounting of Daily Gun Deaths, by Bill Marsh, New York Times, April 22, 2007, based on data from the Centers for Disease Control Government Action and Politics 32 An Accounting of Daily Gun Deaths, by Bill Marsh, New York Times, April 22, 2007, based on data from the Centers for Disease Control PS 374 (November 12, 2009) Government Action and Politics 33 ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/22/2011 for the course POLI 374 taught by Professor Tompkins during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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