Firstexamreviewfall10

# Firstexamreviewfall10 - if the premises are true we must...

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PHIL 110, Logic Instructor: Merritt Exam #1 Review Guide Your first exam will cover everything we have learned so far this semester. Expect to take most of class time to finish the exam. The test will be mainly short answer, meaning I give you a term to define and you provide the definition, or I give you a problem and you solve it. There may be a couple multiple choice questions. As for what you should know, here goes: You should be able to define: - Logic - Logical Sentence/Proposition (and Truth Value) - Argument (or ‘sequent’ as we are now calling them) - Deductive Argument - Inductive Argument - Valid Argument - Invalid Argument - Sound Argument - Valid Argument Form - Invalid Argument Form You need to know how to recognize: -An argument, as opposed to a string of sentences - The premises and conclusion of an argument - Whether an argument ‘seems’ valid or invalid (intuitively – meaning, be able to explain to me whether

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Unformatted text preview: if the premises are true, we must accept the conclusion) You must translate Natural Language (NL) sentences and arguments into Propositional Logic (PL) by doing the following:- Making a key, showing each atomic formula and corresponding sentence letter- Having a grasp of the 5 connectives: ~, → , v, •, and ↔- Using those connectives and their meanings/functions, together with your sentence letters to translate a sentence into PL Truth Tables:- Be familiar with the basic truth tables for each connective- Know how to locate the main connective of a formula - Construct a truth table for a formula and then tell me whether it is inconsistent, tautologous, or contingent- Construct truth tables for the premises and conclusion of a sequent (argument) and then determine whether it is valid or invalid (You will only be responsible for the Comparative Method and the Short-Cut Method)...
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