Take Home Test 3 October 16

Take Home Test 3 October 16 - Memory has been divided into...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Memory has been divided into Sensory, Short-term and Long-term. Memory can be tested using Recall, Recognition and Relearning (Savings Score). Please tell me about each of these six concepts. Sensory memory lasts only a few seconds and is what you casually observe. Santrock defines it as “[holding] information from the world in its original form only for an instant, not much longer than the brief time it is exposed to the visual, auditory, and other senses” (312). Auditory sensory memory is called echoic memory and visual sensory memory is called iconic memory. Short-term memory occurs if you attend to something for a short while you remember it for under a minute. Santrock defines it as “a limited-capacity memory system in which information is usually retained for only as long as 30 seconds unless strategies are used to retain it longer” (313). Long-term memory, Santrock says, is “a relatively permanent type of memory that stores huge amounts of information for a long time” (315). Information must be actively processed to be put into long-term memory. Long-term memory includes explicit and implicit memory as well as prospective and retrospective memory. To test memory using recall the answer must be retrieved from memory: “the individual has to retrieve previous learned information” (328). Essays and fill-in-the-blank questions are examples of recall tests. Multiple choice questions are examples of recognition tests: “the individual only has to identify (recognize) learned information. These have easier retrieval cues that recall questions. Relearning is when a person has learned something, and often cannot recall or recognize it, but learns the information faster and easier the second time. Often this is seen with languages that children learn at a young age but forget over the years.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
What is the “gambler’s fallacy”? Does it relate to “escalation of commitment” errors and, if so, how? If two things (such as slot machines) pay off unequally, the gambler would divide his or her resources in a ratio between the two. The gambler believes that, due to probability, the payout will have to come eventually. This is the error of probability matching because each trial (or pull in the case of the slot machine) is independent of the ones before or following it. To maximize gain they would put all their resources into the situation that pays more. This is an escalation of commitment because the more the gambler plays the stronger their belief is that,
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 10

Take Home Test 3 October 16 - Memory has been divided into...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online