3 Transcription and Translation

3 Transcription and Translation - Transcription and...

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    Transcription and Translation
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    Protein Structure Made up of amino acids Polypeptide - string of amino acids 20 amino acids are arranged in different  orders to make a variety of proteins Assembled on a  ribosome
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    Transcription and Translation: Central Dogma DNA RNA Protein Transcription Translation
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    RNA vs. DNA DNA Double stranded Deoxyribose sugar  Bases: C,G A,T RNA Single stranded Ribose sugar Bases: C,G,A,U Both contain a sugar, phosphate, and base.
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    1. n o sugar is present in either molecule. 1. hydrogen bonding is important only in DNA. 2. only DNA has a backbone of sugars and phosphates. 4. thymine pairs with different bases in DNA and RNA. When comparing DNA and RNA, we find
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    Transcription RNA forms base  pairs with DNA C-G A-U Primary transcript length of RNA that  results from the  process of  transcription
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    Major players in transcription mRNA - type of  RNA that encodes  information for the  synthesis of  proteins and  carries it to a  ribosome from the  nucleus
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    Major players in transcription RNA polymerase complex of enzymes  with 2 functions: Unwind DNA  sequence  Produce primary  transcript by stringing  together the chain of  RNA nucleotides
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    TRANSCRIPTION A C G T A C C C C T G A C G A G C G  U G C A U G G G G A C U    G C U      C G C    
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3 Transcription and Translation - Transcription and...

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