Ethical Argument - Jones 1 Caleb Jones Mrs. Temple EH 101 8...

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Jones 1 Caleb Jones Mrs. Temple EH 101 8 November 2009 A New View of Racism and Its Production of Violence Racism, as defined by Merriam-Webter’s dictionary, is a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superi- ority of a particular race. Many modern researchers on racism fail to properly conceptualize their central argument (Bonilla-Silva 465). They view racism as a self evident, ideological phenomen- on, and therefore they provide no definition for the word (465). The most widely accepted view of racism among social scientists presents a schematic view of the way racism operates in soci- ety. First, racism is defined as a set of ideals or beliefs. Second, those beliefs are regarded as hav- ing the potential to lead individuals to develop prejudice, which is defined as a negative attitude toward an entire group of people. Finally, these attitudes may induce individuals to real actions or discrimination against racial minorities (466). This structure is insufficient because it presents an ideological view on the matter. It excludes the social development of racism. Racism describes the racial ideology of a racialized social system (467). Racialized, ac- cording to Merriam-Webster’s dictionary, simply means to put into a racial context. While ra- cism is not purely a belief or ideology it does consist of an ideological component. Racism, however, cannot be restricted solely to that component because this will limit the possibility of understanding how it shapes a race’s life chances (467). This understanding can be drawn from the appropriate framework for the racism in our society, as well as every other society in the world. “First, a racialized social system is created within a society. Racialized social systems are
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Jones 2 societies that allocate different political, social, economical, and even psychological rewards to groups along racial lines; these racial lines are socially constructed. After the racialization of a society takes place certain social relations and practices, based on racial distinctions, develops throughout all levels of society. The product of these relations and actions is the racial structure of a society. Second, races are constituted by this process of racialization. They are the product of the relations of opposition between the racialized groups. Third, a racial ideology, often re- ferred to as racism, develops based on this racial structure. This ideology provides guidance for the actions of racial individuals within the society. Fourth, racial contestation is the logical out- come of a society with this racial hierarchy. Racial contestation is the struggles of racial groups for systematic change on one or more levels. These struggles can be political, social, economical, or ideological. Most of the struggles in a racialized society contain some racial component. Fi- nally, the process of racial contestation reveals the differing interests and objectives of the races
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Ethical Argument - Jones 1 Caleb Jones Mrs. Temple EH 101 8...

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