Anxiety_Mood Disorders--Chap 11_BB

Anxiety_Mood Disorders--Chap 11_BB - 1 Psychological...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Psychological Disorders Chapter 11 Overview Perspectives on Psychological Disorders Anxiety Disorders Mood Disorders Dissociative and Personality Disorders Schizophrenia 3 Defining Psychological Disorders Mental health workers view psychological disorders as persistently harmful thoughts, feelings, and actions. When behavior is deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional psychiatrists and psychologists label it as disordered (Comer, 2004). 1. Deviant behavior (going naked) in one culture may be considered normal, while in others it may lead to arrest. 1. Deviant behavior must accompany distress . 2. If a behavior is dysfunctional it is clearly a disorder. 4 Understanding Psychological Disorders Tourettes syndrome was originally thought to be the work of the devil. Exorcism was the only cure. Now clear that Tourettes has physical causes (DA and NE) and a dominant gene has been implicated. Trephination (boring holes in the skull to remove evil forces) John W. Verano 5 Medical Model When physicians discovered that syphilis led to mental disorders, they started using medical models to review the physical causes of these disorders. 1. Etiology: Cause and development of the disorder. 2. Diagnosis: Identifying (symptoms) and distinguishing one disease from another. 3. Treatment: Treating a disorder in a psychiatric hospital. 4. Prognosis: Forecast about the disorder. 6 The Biopsychosocial Approach Assumes that biological, socio-cultural, and psychological factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders. 7 Classifying Psychological Disorders The American Psychiatric Association rendered a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) to describe psychological disorders. The most recent edition, DSM-IV-TR (Text Revision, 2000), describes 400 psychological disorders compared to 60 in the 1950s. 8 Multiaxial Classification Are Psychosocial or Environmental Problems (school or housing issues) also present?...
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Anxiety_Mood Disorders--Chap 11_BB - 1 Psychological...

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