Personality--Chapter 2_BB

Personality--Chapter 2_BB - Personality Overview Humanistic...

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Personality
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Overview Humanistic Perspective Trait Perspective Social-Cognitive Perspective Exploring the Self—Self esteem
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3 Personality An individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking,  feeling, and acting. Each dwarf has a distinct personality.
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4 Humanistic Perspective By the 1960s, psychologists became discontent with  Freud’s negativity and the mechanistic psychology of  the behaviorists. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) Carl Rogers (1902-1987) http://www.ship.edu
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5 Self-Actualizing Person Maslow proposed that we as individuals are  motivated by a hierarchy of needs. Beginning with  physiological needs, we try to reach the state of  self- actualization —fulfilling our potential. http://www.ship.edu Ted Polumbaum/ Time Pix/ Getty Images
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6 Person-Centered Perspective Carl Rogers also believed in an individual's self- actualization tendencies. He said that  Unconditional  Positive Regard   is   an attitude of acceptance of others  despite their failings. In an effort to assess personality, Rogers asked people  to describe themselves as they would like to be (ideal)  and as they actually are (real). If the two descriptions  were close the individual had a positive self-concept. All of our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in an  answer to the question, “Who am I?” refers to  Self- Concept.
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7 Evaluating the Humanistic Perspective Pros— Humanistic psychology has a pervasive impact on counseling,  education, child-rearing, and management with its emphasis on a  positive self-concept, empathy, and the thought that people are 
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Personality--Chapter 2_BB - Personality Overview Humanistic...

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