Memory Part2--Chapter 8_BB

Memory Part2--Chapter 8_BB - Memory Overview The Phenomenon...

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Memory
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Overview The Phenomenon of Memory Studying Memory:  Information-Processing  Models Encoding Storage Retrieval Forgetting Memory Construction Improving Memory
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3 Long-Term Memory Essentially unlimited capacity store.  The Clark’s nutcracker can locate 6,000 caches of buried pine seeds during winter and spring. R.J. Erwin/ Photo Researchers
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4 Storing Memories in the Brain 1. Loftus and Loftus (1980) reviewed previous  research data showing, through brain  stimulation, that memories were etched into the  brain and found that only a handful of brain  stimulated patients reported flashbacks. 2. Using rats, Lashley (1950) suggested that even  after removing parts of the brain, the animals  retain partial memory of the maze.  We do not store most info with the exactness of a  video recorder
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5 Synaptic Changes Long-Term Potentiation  (LTP)   refers to synaptic  enhancement after learning  (Lynch, 2002). An increase  in neurotransmitter release  or receptors on the  receiving neuron indicates  strengthening of synapses. Both Photos: From N. Toni et al., Nature, 402, Nov. 25 1999. Courtesy of Dominique Muller
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6 Heightened emotions (stress-related or otherwise)  make for stronger memories.  Flashbulb memories  are  clear memories of emotionally significant moments  or events Scott Barbour/ Getty Images
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7 Explicit Memory   refers to facts and experiences that one can  consciously know and declare.  Implicit memory  involves  learning an action while the individual does not know or  declare what she knows.
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2011 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Cusaac during the Fall '08 term at South Carolina.

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Memory Part2--Chapter 8_BB - Memory Overview The Phenomenon...

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