Operant Conditioning--Chapter 9_BB

Operant Conditioning--Chapter 9_BB - Learning Overview...

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Overview Introduction How do we learn? Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Learning by Observation
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Operant and Classical Conditioning 1.  Classical conditioning forms associations between stimuli (CS  and US). Operant conditioning, on the other hand, forms an  association between behaviors and the resulting events. 1. Classical conditioning involves  respondent behavior  that  occurs as an automatic  response to a certain stimulus. Operant  conditioning involves  operant behavior , a behavior that  operates on the environment, producing rewarding or  punishing stimuli.  Can distinguish between the two by asking:   Is the organism  learning associations between events it does not control?   (classical)  Or is it learning associations between its behavior  and resulting events?  (operant)
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4 Operant Conditioning Skinner’s experiments--extend Thorndike’s thinking,  especially his  law of effect.  This law    states that rewarded  behavior is likely to occur again. Using Thorndike's law of effect as a starting point, Skinner  developed the Operant chamber, or the Skinner box, to study  operant conditioning.
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5 Shaping Shaping is the operant conditioning procedure in  which reinforcers guide behavior towards the desired  target behavior through successive approximations.
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