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Subarctic - Polar Climates Tundra Climate(ET Ice Cap and...

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Subarctic, very cold winters Dfd, Dwd Applies to all subarctic climates in general: -Controls Extreme continentality High latitudes 50-70 degrees Westerlies in the summer Occasional cyclonic storms Strong polar anticyclone in winter -Climate Characteristics: Brief cool summers with bitter cold winters Largest annual temperature ranges Low precipitation annually Growing season approximately 50-80 days. Permafrost Geographic Distribution: (examples) Northern North America (Newfoundland to Alaska) Northern Eurasia (Scandinavia through Siberia) Boreal forest or Taiga vegetation (Dfc, Dfd climates) Boreal Forests Taiga – northern coniferous forests
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Unformatted text preview: Polar Climates Tundra Climate (ET) Ice Cap and Ice Sheet Climates (EF) Polar Marine Climate Distribution of E climates E Climates – Polar ET - Tundra-Controls Location in high latitudes Polar High Pressure system (polar anticyclone) Proximity to coasts. -Climate Characteristics: Average temperature of warmest month is below 50F but greater than 32F. Low precipitation, (below 10 inches) low evaporation Summerless- 9+ months below freezing Geographic Distribution: (examples) Arctic Ocean Borderlands, Greenland, Eurasia Tundra (ET) Mixture of grasses, flowering herbs, mosses, lichens, low growing shrubs....
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