MGT 325 Power Politics and Leadership

MGT 325 Power Politics and Leadership - POWER A Definition...

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POWER A Definition of Power - Power - A capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that B acts in accordance with A’s wishes - Dependency - B’s relationship to A when A possesses something that B requires. Bases of Power - Formal Power - Is established by an individual’s position in an organization; conveys the ability to coerce or reward, from formal authority, or from control of information. Coercive Power - A power base dependent on fear. Reward Power - Compliance achieved based on the ability to distribute rewards that others view as valuable. Legitimate Power - The power a person receives as a result of his or her position in the formal hierarchy of an organization. - It includes acceptance of the authority of a position by members of an organization. - Personal Power Expert Power - Influence based on special skills or knowledge. Referent Power - Influence based on possession by an individual of desirable resources or personal traits. Dependency: The Key To Power - The General Dependency Postulate The greater B’s dependency on A, the greater the power A has over B. Possession/control of scarce organizational resources that others need makes a manager powerful.
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Access to optional resources (e.g., multiple suppliers) reduces the resource holder’s power. - What Creates Dependency Importance of the resource Scarcity of the resource Non-substitutability of the resource POLITICS Politics: Power in Action - Political Behavior - Activities that are not required as part of one’s formal role in the organization, but that influence, or attempt to influence the distribution of advantages or disadvantages within the organization. - Legitimate Political Behavior - Normal everyday politics - Illegitimate Political Behavior - Extreme political behavior that violates the implied rules of the game. Defensive Behaviors - Avoiding Action Over-conforming – strict interpretation of responsibility (This is how we’ve always done it…) Playing dumb – Falsely pleading ignorance or inability
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Buck passing – Transferring responsibility to someone else Stretching – Prolonging a task longer than necessary Stalling – Appearing to be supportive publicly while doing nothing in actuality - Avoiding Blame Buffing - CYA Playing Safe – Evading situations that may reflect unfavorably Justifying – Developing explanations that lessen responsibility for negative outcome Scapegoating – Placing the blame for a negative outcome on some external factor Misrepresenting – Manipulation of information through distortion, embellishment, etc. -
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This note was uploaded on 06/26/2011 for the course MGT 325 taught by Professor Roth during the Summer '07 term at Michigan State University.

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MGT 325 Power Politics and Leadership - POWER A Definition...

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