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final - Alicia Deal Final Qualitative Research Methods...

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Alicia Deal Final Qualitative Research Methods Final Section A: describe a research question and present a qualitative research design which you think would be feasible for a PhD dissertation. Comment on the strengths, weaknesses, expected results, and practical aspects of the design. Individuals of Native American ancestry account for approximately 4.1 million, or 1.5 percent of the total U.S. population (2000 Census Bureau). Full-blooded American Indians only account for 0.9 percent (approximately 2.5 million) of the total population. Theoretically, the Native American presence should also account for this same amount or less in the criminal justice system. However, Native Americans are overrepresented in the criminal justice system. Criminal and victimization rates are also exceedingly high among Native Americans as compared with other racial populations. For example, Native Americans accounted for 1 percent of all arrests for violent crimes in 2001.(Perry, 2004). Arrests for alcohol-related offenses were twice the national rate. The national rate was 623 arrests for 100,000 residents, while the American Indian rate was 1,240 arrests per 100,000 Native American residents. As of midyear 2003, Native Americans constituted one percent of those in custody of jails or prisons (Minton, 2005). Similarly, American Indians had an incarceration rate of 848 per 100,000 Indians. This rate is approximately 19 percent higher than the overall national rate, which includes 715 persons of all races per 100,000 residents. In state prisons alone, there were 12,438 American Indians. These rates, for some states that have a greater proportion of Native Americans, are much greater than the national average, such as Alaska. Additionally, one in twenty-five Native Americans, age 18 and over, were under the jurisdiction of the CJ system. This rate is 2.4 times greater than the rate of whites 7
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Alicia Deal Final Since the first contact with the Europeans, Native Americans have been subject to derogatory treatment, and widely dispersed, exaggerated and distorted images have reinforced this subjugation (Bataille, 2001). Despite many prevailing beliefs about Native populations, the Native population had their own cultures, economic, political, and justice systems, societal structures, and laws (Nielsen, 1996). It is important to note that Native Americans are not a homogeneous population, even they do share some similarities. Rather, they are heterogeneous, in that no two tribes or cultures are completely alike. However, once the Europeans arrived in the "new world," these customs and traditions were greatly destroyed and many Nations (or tribes) were almost or completely annihilated as a result. The "web of steel," as described by Archambeault (2003), is "a metaphor for the policies and
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final - Alicia Deal Final Qualitative Research Methods...

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