Cyber source 1 - Do economic theories of crime explain the causes of criminality in the United Kingdom in the present day By Stuart Club This

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Do economic theories of crime explain the causes of criminality in the United Kingdom in the present day? By Stuart Club This article can be found in the Scots Law Student Journal, Issue 2 and was published in March 2001. Stuart Club ponders whether the outbreak of crime in the United Kingdom can be explained by economic theories of crime. To answer this question, Club examines two of the most noted of these theories: Robert Merton's “strain to anomie” theory and Elliot Currie's “market society” theory. This article relates directly to the “American Dream” because Messner and Rosenfeld use Merton's anomie theory to explain their definition of crime. ..in the United States. They are also influenced by Currie's notion of a market society and his factors that is evidenced to produce the conditions that create crime. Club dissects each component of the theories to determine whether the increase of crime in the UK can be best defined by these economic theories. The backdrop for Robert Merton's strain-anomie theory was 1930s U.S. Merton explained that crime was the product of a “lack of balance between culturally approved goals” and “institutionally approved means of achieving these goals.” In other words, the American goal is one of monetary success and states that anyone and everyone can achieve this goal. However, realistically, the means of achieving this goal are quite limited in scope. Crime therefore is the result of an overemphasize on the “goal” that produces a “strain” on people to accomplish this goal by any means necessary. Merton further identifies five reactions to strain: the conformist, the innovator, the ritualsit, the retreatist, and rebellion. However, the innovator, one who “accepts the goals of society but not the institutionally accepted means”, is singled out by Merton
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/30/2011 for the course CJ 530 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Sam Houston State University.

Page1 / 5

Cyber source 1 - Do economic theories of crime explain the causes of criminality in the United Kingdom in the present day By Stuart Club This

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online