PA3 - Alicia Deal 04-28-04 CJ 530 Primary Abstract 3...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alicia Deal CJ 530 04-28-04 Primary Abstract 3 Incarcerating Ourselves: Tribal Jails and Corrections Eileen M. Luna-Firebaugh The Prison Journal Vol. 83 No. 1, March 2003 51-66 Austin and Irwin details a bleak depiction of life for the general convict incarcerated in U.S. prisons. Yet they did not give attention to the unique conditions of Native American correction facilities and its prisoners. This article does provide us with this information. It gives an inside look at that group of people, American Indians, that are generally overlooked when discussing the U.S. criminal justice system. Luna-Firebaugh illustrates a startling picture of what it is like for the Native American and their role in the U.S. criminal justice system. It is widely believed that young African Americans males suffer from the highest rates of violence—even Irwin and Austin draws this conclusion; however, this article states that young Indian adults between the ages of 18 and 24 do. In fact, these young men experience about “one violent crime for every four persons of this age.” Furthermore, Native Americans “experience per capita rates of violence that are more than double those of the U.S. population in general.” In both urban and rural areas Native Americans experience a higher rate of violent crime than any other racial group. Equally shocking is that Native American women are more likely to be victims of violent crime than African American men at a rate of nearly 50%. These acts of violent crime are usually (70%) committed by persons of another race, with 60% of the perpetrators being Caucasian. Native Americans also are held in jails at a rate higher than that of any other race. The principle factor contributing to this high rate of incarceration is alcohol consumption and compared to other racial groups shows to be a much greater problem among the Native American communities. Approximately 46% of Native Americans were under the influence of alcohol when they had committed the offense of which they were convicted. Seventy percent of those who had been convicted of a violent crime had been intoxicated when they were arrested. Interestingly, Native Americans are not likely to participate in substance abuse programs in “non-Indian” facilities because
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Alicia Deal CJ 530 04-28-04 Primary Abstract 3 “this high incidence of substance abuse is no longer generally addressed in non-Indian prisons and jails.” Of the 69 facilities in Indian Country, however, there are 59 who offer substance abuse programs and 57 offer counseling and education programs. These facilities are “affiliated with 53
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/30/2011 for the course CJ 530 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Sam Houston State University.

Page1 / 5

PA3 - Alicia Deal 04-28-04 CJ 530 Primary Abstract 3...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online