lost boys - Between the years of 1997 and 1998(and 1999...

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Between the years of 1997 and 1998 (and 1999), there were a series of school shootings in rural and suburban areas. The perpetrators of these atrocious acts of violence were young white males from seemingly “normal” families living “normal” communities. “How could this have happened in this area,” many citizens around the country wondered. Garbarino offers an explanation for the sharp rise of juvenile violence and its dispersion from urban areas into small rural and suburban communities. Garbarino relies on his own experiences with violent boys and “systematic” research study findings in the forming of his opinions, which I believe are absolute truths. The many areas of research that he relies on include biological, psychological, and sociological research. The book consists of two parts. The first explains how and why boys become violent youths and the second focuses on what we, as a society, needs to do to prevent boys from becoming violent and how to rehabilitate those who have already become violent. “When white middle-class kids kill, there is always a public outcry of why and a search for went wrong, but when inner-city minority kids kill, the public is warned of demons and superpredators (Alvin Poussaint).” At one time in our country's history, many people believed that violent acts of juvenile crime were confined almost exclusively to inner city “war zones”. Yet this violence has now spread out into the nation's “heartland” permeating every city and town in its path. Garbarino points out that this “epidemic of youth violence” starts in inner cities among the most vulnerable populations and then works its way outward, “like ripples in a pond.” Nevertheless, it does not mean that these “vulnerable populations” are the cause of violence. Instead, their “disadvantaged point makes them a good host for the infection.” Garbarino introduces an epidemic model that consists of two stages. Stage one is in response to the first “wave” of deadly youth violence that hit the nation among inner city, low-income minority kids. During this stage, inner-city schools began to construct and administer programs “to teach teenagers nonviolent conflict resolution techniques.” They also sought to “disarm 1
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students before they could enter the school building and to remove them if they did enter to school with weapons.” Stage Two is the “spread of youth violence throughout American society;” the stage in which our society is in now. How does this epidemic spread? Garbarino uses epidemiology as an analogy to describe the phenomenon of youth violence. He states that by using this analogy, “it helps explain how conditions can change so dramatically and quickly.” Furthermore, he uses an epidemiological tool to, the tipping point, to understand and explain teen violence. The tipping tool is “the moment in the development of an epidemic at which only a small change in the presence of the germ produces a big change in the rate
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This note was uploaded on 06/30/2011 for the course CJ 563 taught by Professor Teske during the Spring '04 term at Sam Houston State University.

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lost boys - Between the years of 1997 and 1998(and 1999...

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