Exam II - Alicia Deal CJ 592 Exam II Short Answer...

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Alicia Deal CJ 592 04-05-04 Exam II Short Answer Unobtrusive Method 1: Secondary Analysis 1.) How does the method work? Secondary analysis involves reanalyzing data that was gathered beforehand for other purposes. There are two kinds of secondary analysis. Primary data sources are the raw data collected which does not include any analysis or interpretation. Secondary data sources, however, does include analyses and evaluations of the information which have been analyzed after the raw data was collected. Examples of primary data sources include diaries, letters, and memoirs. These materials may become secondary data sources by offering insight into events years after they have taken place. Sampson and Laub's collection of data illustrates how this type of research method can be applied to the criminal justice research. In 1992 Sampson and Laub recoded and computerized data on 500 delinquents and 500 non- delinquents. This data was originally gathered by the Gluecks' between 1940 and 1965. 2.) What are its strengths? Secondary data is nonreactive in that the subjects are unaware of being studied. Despite being time- consuming, it is not as time-consuming as it could be since the data has already been gathered. All that is left to do is analyze and code the data. Time consumption can be further cut short by employing assistants to aid in this work. Utilizing secondary data also enables the material to be continuously studied and researched over time. Furthermore, secondary data may be the only way in which to study a particular research problem, such as using diaries, newspapers, and other records from the turn of the last century to understand the effects of immigration on both foreigners and “natives”. 3.) What are its weaknesses? Since the data has been compiled by other agencies, the researcher is stuck with the data given to him/her. Therefore compromising the validity of the finished 1
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product. The original data could also contain coding errors, biases and misinterpretations from the original researchers, and data inconsistent with other reliable sources. The original data could have been collected using mediocre or defective methods. Sometimes, however, the techniques in which data is collected may change over periods of time. This can be most noted
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This note was uploaded on 06/30/2011 for the course CJ 592 taught by Professor Lyons during the Spring '04 term at Sam Houston State University.

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Exam II - Alicia Deal CJ 592 Exam II Short Answer...

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