research design - Alicia Deal CJ 592 05-10-04 Child Abuse...

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Alicia Deal CJ 592 05-10-04 Child Abuse and Mental Illness Among Juvenile Delinquents 1
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Chapter One Introduction In 1999 Child Protective Services (CPS) nationwide investigated 60.4% of the 2,974,000 cases of children who reportedly were victims of child abuse and neglect. Of the cases they investigated, CPS agencies estimated that 826,000 children had been abused and/or neglected. It has been commonly stated that these children are at risk for developing mental disorders that could impair their judgment. Would there be a relationship between mental illness and child abuse among juveniles? Are juveniles who have a history of maltreatment more likely to have a mental disorder than those without a history of child abuse? Does a tri-directional relationship exist between child abuse, mental illness, and juvenile delinquency? It can be argued that due to the emotional and physical trauma experienced by those who have a history of child abuse they are at a higher risk of developing a mental disorder and have a higher risk of engaging in criminal behavior. This chapter reviews the literature regarding issues relevant to child maltreatment and mental health among juvenile delinquents. The prevalence of child maltreatment in both the general population and the juvenile offender population will be discussed. Existing literature on the effects of child maltreatment on children and adolescents will also be addressed. This information will be followed by the prevalence of mental disorders among both the general child and adolescent population and the juvenile population, and the effects that these disorders have on one's behavior. The procedures by which youth come in contact with TYC will also be reviewed in order to gain insight into the type of youth who are admitted into TYC facilities. Child Maltreatment What is Child Maltreatment? Definitions of what child maltreatment is and what constitutes maltreatment vary broadly. Child maltreatment is also widely known as child abuse; these terms will be used interchangeably throughout this study. The World Health Organization (WHO) provided in the 1999 World Report on Violence and Health a definition of child abuse and neglect. The report defines child maltreatment as:
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All forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation resulting in actual or potential harm to the child's health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust, or power (WHO: Child Abuse & Neglect, 2004). Child maltreatment is usually further broken down into five – six subtypes. For example, the Third National Incidence Study (NIS-3), which is a survey that is conducted by the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, identifies six subtypes of child maltreatment of which includes three types of neglect and three types of abuse (Miller-Perrin & Perrin, 1999; & “Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report,” 1999). However, one must keep in mind that these types of abuse are most likely found in
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This note was uploaded on 06/30/2011 for the course CJ 592 taught by Professor Lyons during the Spring '04 term at Sam Houston State University.

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research design - Alicia Deal CJ 592 05-10-04 Child Abuse...

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