Ch_summary1 - Alicia Deal CJ 736 07-11-06 Schihor: Part One...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alicia Deal CJ 736 07-11-06 Schihor: Part One Question 1: a.) What is punishment? b.)What are the theories and justifications of punishment? c.) What are the recent trends regarding these justifications within corrections? Answer 1: a.) Punishment is the societal reaction to an act that is considered harmful to the society and it is used as a social control mechanism. It involves only those acts prohibited by law (crime), and the act of punishment must be considered justified and decided by a legitimate authority in order for a criminal act to be punishable. Furthermore, the criteria for punishment include the imposition of pain or other "unpleasant consequences," be a violation of the criminal code, an intentional administration of the punishment, and are imposed by the state (government). b.) There are five primary justifications of punishment: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, and reintegration. Retribution is the oldest justification for punishment and is commonly known by the phrase "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth;" and "just deserts." The focus of retribution is to punish a criminal act that has already occurred, in which the offender receives direct punishment for the criminal act. The logic behind retribution assumes that the offender is a rational being who decides on his/her free will based on a risk/benefit ratio to commit a criminal act. The goal of deterrence is to prevent a criminal act from being committed. There are two types of deterrence: specific and general. Special (or specific) deterrence is exerted on the offender him/herself as a means to prevent that individual from committing other crimes. General deterrence is a means of discouraging the commission of future crimes by those who have not yet
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/30/2011 for the course CJ 736 taught by Professor Joo during the Summer '06 term at Sam Houston State University.

Page1 / 2

Ch_summary1 - Alicia Deal CJ 736 07-11-06 Schihor: Part One...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online