CJ Lit Review - Drug and alcohol use has proven to be an...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Drug and alcohol use has proven to be an enormous problem among inmates. Research has shown that those who were addicted to drugs or alcohol before their imprisonment they resume their addiction upon release and continue to resort to crime (Harrison, 2001). Regrettably, the prior use of drugs and alcohol among inmates before incarceration has steadily increased in past years. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics on substance abuse and treatment among state and federal prisoners in 1997, eighty-three percent of state prisoners reported past drug use, up from seventy-nine percent in 1991. Also fifty-seven percent reportedly used drugs in the month before their offense, up from fifty percent. The reported rate of use in the past month also increased among federal prisoners from thirty-two percent in 1991 to forty- five percent. It was also reported that half of state prisoners and a third of federal prisoners committed their current offense under the influence of drugs or alcohol. So how can this dilemma be corrected? One obvious solution would be for inmates to undergo some form of substance abuse treatment program. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that a third of state prisoners and about a quarter of federal prisoners had participated in some type of drug or alcohol abuse treatment since incarceration. However, does inmate participation in substance abuse treatments actually reduce recidivism? Some research has not shown any significant changes caused by inmate participation in these programs. In 1992, Martin, Lockwood, Inciardi, and Freeman found that among three groups receiving different treatment interventions, there was no significant decline in recidivism rates. In 1993, Inciardi, McBride and Weinman also did not find any recidivism differences between those receiving only urine monitoring and those receiving treatment. Most existing research has shown that substance abuse treatment programs do, in fact, reduce recidivism among inmates. It has been reported that substance abuse programs reduce recidivism, at least among drunk driving offenders, while punishment does not (Yu, 2000; Pratt, Holsinger, & Latessa, 2000). However, whether a program is successful depends on many kinds of variables, including the type of treatment, how long the inmate has participated in the program, whether he/she is a 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
drop-out, treatment history, and personal and psychological factors, including family environment, level or severity of dependency, and level of self-esteem. Research has implied that boot camps for drug offenders and drug-focused group counseling does not reduce recidivism (Pearson & Lipton, 1999; Cowles, Castellano, & Gransky, 1995). According to Pearson and Lipton methadone maintenance treatment, twelve-step programs, and cognitive behavioral therapy had some positive effects; however, further studies
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/30/2011 for the course CJ 478 taught by Professor Ren during the Fall '08 term at Sam Houston State University.

Page1 / 5

CJ Lit Review - Drug and alcohol use has proven to be an...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online