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Conversion of Alcohols to Alkyl Halides

Conversion of Alcohols to Alkyl Halides - present in the...

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Introduction In this experiment, an alcohol was converted to an alkyl halide by both an S N 1 and S N 2 mechanism. The products of the reaction were purified by simple distillation, which involves vaporization followed by condensation. A simple distillation depends on the boiling points of the liquid compounds. For this technique to produce sound results, the two compounds must have boiling points about 100ºC apart. In this experiment, impurities were removed from the products using a simple distillation apparatus. After the distillate was collected, the solution was put into a seperatory funnel with water, and the organic layer was extracted to ensure that water was not
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Unformatted text preview: present in the solution. In order for extraction to occur, the two liquids must be immiscible in each other, as water and the alkyl halide were. Once the final product was isolated, an IR and NMR analysis was taken. IR (infared) spectroscopy causes the bonds in molecules to vibrate and can be used to determine which types of bonds and functional groups are present in a molecule but not structure of the molecule. NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy uses radio waves to determine the arrangement of atoms in a molecule. IR and NMR can be used together to determine the components of the identity of a compound....
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