Cultural Portfolio 1-2 - REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA Capital...

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REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA Capital: Yerevan Population: 2,967,004 Birth Rate: 12.65 births/1,000 population Death Rate: 8.39 deaths/1,000 population Net Migration Rate: -4.56 migrants/1,000 population Sex Ratio: 0.89 male/1 female Infant Mortality Rate: 20.21 deaths/1,000 live births Life Expectancy at Birth: 72.68 years Ethnic Groups: 97.7% Armenian 1% Yezidi (Kurdish) 0.5% Russian 0.3% Other Unemployment Rate: 7.1% Population Below Poverty Rate: 26.5% Internet Users: 6.44% (“Armenia”)
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Roshni Sheth FLL 120-2D Cultural Portfolio PERSONAL NARRATIVE 1. Why did you choose to learn about this particular national culture? (10 lines) When I was selecting a nation for my cultural portfolio, I wanted to choose a country that I did not have much background information about. Armenia sparked my interest because we discussed its membership with Georgia and Azerbaijan in the Transcaucasian SFSR in my Soviet history class. We briefly went over Stalin’s suppression of Armenia after it became its own republic, and I wanted to get a better sense of the history of Armenia in relation to the Soviet Union. Moreover, I once watched a CNN special that Christiane Amanpour did on genocide, which I found very informational. While Armenia was not mentioned in the program, I have heard that there are disputed opinions about an Armenian genocide by the Ottoman Empire during World War I, and I am interested in doing more research to explore the discrepancies between Armenian and Turkish reports of the possible genocide. WHAT IS CULTURE? HOW DO WE DEFINE IT? (Focus on the country you selected.)
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1. Historical Background: (30 lines) Primarily, the Armenians were ruled by the Kingdom of Uratu from the sixth century BC until the fifth century BC. After the Uratian Kingdom fell, the Armenians fell under the rule of the Medes and then the Persian Achamenids (Nersessian 20-21). Eventually, Alexander the Great’s empire engulfed the Armenian people, but eventually it was overthrown by Armenian nobles in 200 BC. Armenia was then under the rule of the Parthian kings, and Armenia has retained many Greek and Iranian influences from this time (Panossian 35-37). In the first century, Armenians entered into a conflict with the Roman empire, which would last for the next four hundred years. In AD 301, Armenia became the first nation to adopt Christianity as its state religion. During this time, Armenia was being divided by the Byzantine and Persian empires, but the Arabs drove both groups out of Armenia in the seventh century AD and ruled for three hundred years. In AD 1071, the Seljuk Turks took control of Armenia, forcing the Armenians to migrate to the southern region of the lands, known as Cilicia. This began the Cilician period of Armenia when Armenians enjoyed high culture, and the region was very prosperous. During this time, Armenians felt the influence of Western Europe and Italy. In the late 16
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This note was uploaded on 06/28/2011 for the course FLL 120 taught by Professor Lamiazayzafoon during the Spring '10 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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Cultural Portfolio 1-2 - REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA Capital...

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