Fundamentals 227-235 - a A morpheme is the smallest unit of...

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Roshni Sheth Fundamentals 227-235 (Chapter 18) I. Language capability is a form of human intelligence. II. Grammar refers to the organizing principles of a language. III. Langue refers to the underlying rules of a language & parole is the actual language spoken daily. IV.Language universals are similar features among languages. VI.All languages are structured in a similar manner. a. Phonemes are basic elements of sounds. b. Morphemes are components of words. c. Words are arranged into phrases & sentences, which combine to form discourse. VII. a. Phonetics refers to the production or articulation of sound. b. For example, Spanish speakers of the Caribbean often aspirate or drop “s” in some circumstances. VIII.
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Unformatted text preview: a. A morpheme is the smallest unit of meaning & can be free or bound. i. Free morphemes are words that can stand alone. ii. Bound morphemes cannot function as words & include prefixes, suffixes, word roots, and tense indicators. IX.Syntax refers to the arrangement of words in a sentence. a. Most native speakers can intuitively grasp what does not “sound right.” X. Semantics refers to the meaning in a language. a. Linguistic meaning is what words really mean. b. Speaker’s meaning depends on the speaker’s use of the language (literal or non-literal). XI.Semantic fields are sets of words that are joined together through shared semantic functions. XII. Pragmatics determines the appropriateness of language in certain situations. XIII. There are four aspects to communicative competence: grammatical, sociolinguistic, strategic & discourse....
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Fundamentals 227-235 - a A morpheme is the smallest unit of...

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