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R14 Nord, 40-44 - b The sender’s attitude is based on a...

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Roshni Sheth R14: Nord, 40-44 I. There are four types of language function: referential, expressive, appellative, and phatic. II. The referential function involves reference to objects or phenomena (real or fictional). a. The receiver must be able to connect the message with their perception of the particular world involved. b. World models are determined by cultural perspectives and traditions. c. Translation can become a problem if the source and target readers do not have the same world models. III. The expressive function involves the sender’s attitude toward the object or phenomena. a. This expression may involve feelings, emotions, evaluation, irony, etc.
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Unformatted text preview: b. The sender’s attitude is based on a value system, which is conditioned by culture. IV. The appellative function is directed at the receiver’s sensitivity or disposition to act. a. This function includes imperatives, rhetorical questions, metatextual allusions, metaphors, or comparisons. V. The phatic function involves establishing, maintaining, or ending contact between the sender and receiver. a. This function depends largely on the conventionality of its form. i. The more conventional the linguistic form, the less noticeable it is. b. Phatic utterances can serve to define the relationship between the sender and receiver....
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