non notebook form hy101 notes

Non notebook form - Peloponnesian War War between Athens and Sparta 431404 BC 3 causes o aristocracy's contempt toward for democracy o Jealousy on

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Peloponnesian War War between Athens and Sparta 431-404 BC 3 causes o aristocracy’s contempt toward for democracy  o Jealousy on the part of Sparta towards Athens  Cultural center of the world as they knew it  o Spartans are afraid of Athenian Imperialism Spartan League o Sparta and their allies (Persians) Delian League- Athens and Ionia 430- Plague breaks out o Killed their leader Pericles Athens o Looses her navy o City walls o Colonies o Forced into alliance with Sparta Ruled for 30 years by Tyrants o 371 Sparta is defeated by Thebes
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Begins Renaissance  With Philip I of Macedonia  o Takes advantage of the fact that Greece was under war o 359 takes over Macedonia o by 338 he ruled most of Greece o was assassinated around 336 supposedly arranged by Olympia his  wife Alexander o Army commander at the age of 18 o Ruthless o Took power at 20 after his father’s o Tutored by Aristotle privately  o Kills off many males of his family o Used propaganda against his enemies o Conquered most of Greece o Goes to Persia 334 Starts with Troy Egypt  Iraq Afghanistan Pakistan All the way to the Indus River valley
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o 323 Alexander dies on the way home at the age of 33 o Alexander’s Legacies Spread of Greek culture to the east Hellenizes the world Destroys the Greek Polis 323-30 BC Hellenistic Age Hellenistic o New Greek culture o More optimistic than Hellenic culture o Focuses on the private o Women are more included more public place in society opinions more important o divided into 3 territories the Antiginoid  conquered by Rome in 147BC Seleucid Conquered by Romans in 63 Ptolemaic  Founded by Ptolemy  Conquered by Rome in 30 Last Ptolemaic ruler was Cleopatra
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Hellenic o Old Greek culture o Less optimistic o Focus on the public Philosophies from the Hellenistic Period Cynics o Diogenes o Rejected the  o Happiness could best be filled by satisfying basic needs o Simplicity and moderation o Pessimistic  Epicureans o Epicurus  o Pleasure is freedom from pain o Moderation o Rejected religion Reasons for religion Security about death Gives us hope A way to explain the unknown
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Stoicism o Zeno  o 336-264  o good comes about by living in harmony with nature o Life is fated o Rejected luxury o Greatly influences the Romans o Stoics- quite and reserved  Greece gets gobbled up by the Romans Romans Empire Alps provide as a natural barrier (especially during the winter months) Apennines mountains o Go through to the boot o 30-60 ft wide many groups pop up all around Italy o south was more prosperous than the north
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This note was uploaded on 06/28/2011 for the course HY 101/102 taught by Professor Glover during the Spring '11 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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Non notebook form - Peloponnesian War War between Athens and Sparta 431404 BC 3 causes o aristocracy's contempt toward for democracy o Jealousy on

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