Western Civilization 1 - Western Civilization 1 15:22...

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Western Civilization 1 15:22 Society     - people living together with a common interest Culture     - the social and religious structures and intellectual an artistic  manifestations that characterize a society; How is culture transmitted? Imitation- we are not born with culture, we learn it By communication via symbols: art, gestures, speech, writing, music Civilization     - this state of being civilized; civilized is being endowed with law, order,  and conditions favorable to the arts and sciences; to refine the manners and  tastes of; having achieved a high state of culture; features of: political systems,  production of textiles and potter, writing History     - the story of mankind and his environs, both natural and created, his  responses to those environs and the creation, evolution and maintenance of  social, religious, economic and governmental constructs. Types of government     Monarchy- rule by one Anarchy- rule by none Aristocracy- “government by a small privileged, hereditary class, drawn from  leading families in the state Democracy- rule by the many(from the greek: demos meaning people) Representative democracy- rule by the many through chosen or elected  representatives Direct democracy- direct governmental participation by all citizens Oligarchy- rule by a few Theocracy- government ruled by a religious leader Religious bodies     Monotheism- Belief in one god Polytheism- belief in more than one god
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Anthropomorphic- a god with human-like qualities(such as the gods of  Mesopotamia) How history is documented Oral traditions Letters Diaries Legal texts Religious texts Music Art Government records Tax records- tells us where somewhat lives, picture of the structure, number  of rooms and uses, how much the building is worth Census- tells us to name, age, place of birth, parents place of birth, number of  children, and number of children born, level of education, occupation, job title,  homeowner or renter  Is history an art or a science? We can say that history is both. As an art you weave together all of the  records of man kind to form a coherent, accurate story. As a science it puts  documents to the tests to make sure that they meet certain criteria.  These  criteria may include the questions all the authenticity and whether or not the  documents are relevant to the story often historians have to decide who writes  the story. Should the historian collect all of the  evidence and allow that  evidence to write the story Themes in history Biology- the black death affects workers, catholic church, etc. brings immoral  people into the church
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This note was uploaded on 06/28/2011 for the course HY 101/102 taught by Professor Glover during the Spring '11 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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Western Civilization 1 - Western Civilization 1 15:22...

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