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Western Civ II test 1 - Western Civ II 12:37 PM Syllabus...

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Western Civ II  2/15/11 12:37 PM Syllabus quiz Email address and subject line Title of book Allowed unexcused abs Grade percentage Date of final How many days to make up a test Date of term paper due Exam dates What to bring with you on test day How do historians study the past Oral traditions Letters Diaries Legal texts Religious texts Music Art 
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Government records o Tax records o Census records Is history an art or science? o Both o As an art they weave together the stories  o As a science they test  Natural and created environments Created environments government o most primitive  the Family Themes in history How biology affects history black death- killed 25% of Europe but ended feudalism  catholic church developed the concept of purgatory o weakened the church Geography Climate
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War Causes o Greed Hitler’s invasion of Poland o Need to expand o Retribution religion the crusades Technology Economy Man’s Will The Reformation  Reform corruption, and the common man. Some ways a democratic  movement Want to take back the church to 1 st  century ad o How and why did the reformation begin? 1309 roots of reformation Martin Luther 1517 1309-1376 Popes live in Avignon, France.  “Babylon captivity of the Church” Urban the 6 th  engages to reform the church Wants to end pluralism End Absenteeism no more absent priests  Wants to rid the church of people who live as princes of the world
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A number of the French cardinals decide to leave Rome and retreat  to Avignon and elect a new pope The Great Schism ~40 years Two popes Two college of cardinals Avignon- French and her allies Roman Pope- England Germany, Portugal etc. 1417  Council of Constance Remove both popes Elect new pope- Martin V Ends the Great Schism  1400s Renaissance- Rebirth Rebirth of Greek and Roman art and history Humanism-  Christian Humanists o Erasmus o John Wycliffe  translated the Bible to English o What were the effects on the people of Europe? o What were the effects on Europe itself?
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Prior to renaissance  People saw themselves as very separate from God Renaissance View themselves as good  Four immediate causes of the reformation Political Weak Church/ Strong monarchs Economic loss of royal revenue Social Criticizing the immorality of the church Abuses of the church offices o Simony Buying and selling of church offices o Nepotism Giving out offices to family members o Pluralism o Absenteeism
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Indulgences Buying absolution of your sins Martin Luther Was going to Law school
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