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Spring 11 POS 2112 Chapter 3 Notes-1

Spring 11 POS 2112 Chapter 3 Notes-1 - Pos 2112 American...

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Pos 2112 American State and Local Government Chapter 3 State Communities and American Federalism Federalism Federalism- a system of government in which power is divided between national and sub national governments(state and local governments). 1) Both national and sub national governments (state and local governments) exercise separate and autonomous authority by: a) Electing their own officials b) Taxing their citizens for the provision of public services. 2) Federalism requires that the powers of the national and sub national governments be guaranteed by a constitution that can not be changed without consent of both national and sub national populations. Why Federalism? 1) Auxiliary Precautions Founders devised a plan to control the government. The plan included: a) Federalism-dividing powers between the national and state governments b) Separation of powers- the dispersal of power among separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. 2) Dispersing Power Decentralization distributes power more widely among different sets of leaders. Multiple leadership groups are generally believed to be more democratic than a single set of all- powerful leaders. 3) Increasing Participation Decentralization allows more people to participate in the political system. There are more than 87,000 governments in America-states, counties, townships, municipalities, towns, special districts, and school districts. Federalism’s Fault 1) Protecting Slavery and segregation. Federalism has historically been associated with racism and discrimination. When racial issues were handled at the state level, Blacks suffered more than they did when these issues were confronted nationally.
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