lec34 - Lecture 34 Experimental Genetics I. Experimental...

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Lecture 34 – Experimental Genetics I. Experimental genetics – one of main tools for study of biology A. General approach: 1. 2. 3. B. Often use “model” organisms 1. model organism – experimentally tractable organism 2. underlying assumption – what we learn from study of model organism is relevant to  human biology II. Common characteristics of model organisms A. short generation time B. large # of offspring C. easy, inexpensive culture D. small size E. easy storage F. carry out process of interest G. relatively simple organisms (generally) H. Common model organisms: 1.  Escherichia coli  – bacterium - simple, small - short generation time - genome sequenced - major contributions: basic cellular processes, egs: - DNA replication - DNA repair - chemotaxis 2.  Saccharomyces cerevisiae  – budding or brewer’s yeast, eukaryote - simple, small  - short generation time
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This note was uploaded on 07/01/2011 for the course L 311 taught by Professor Forrester during the Fall '10 term at Indiana State University .

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lec34 - Lecture 34 Experimental Genetics I. Experimental...

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