Asian &Latin American Terrorist Groups-S2L4-student

Asian &Latin American Terrorist Groups-S2L4-student -...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Studies in "Types" of Terrorism Asian & Latin American Terrorism * Graphic content in today's lectures Asian Terrorism Jemaah Islamiah (JI) Established: 1993 Meaning: "Islamic Congregation" Leaders: Abu Bakar Bashir & Abdullah Sungkar Affiliation: Sunni Islam Goal(s): establishment of Islamic states in Asia/Sharia Law in Indonesia, anti-Christian Range of influence: Southeast Asia- Indonesia, Malaysia, the southern Philippines, Singapore, and Brunei MO: car bombings, assassination of government Notorious for: 2002 Bali bombing- 202 killed Jemaah Islamiah (JI) Detachment 88 Formed in response to 2002 Bali Bombings Funded, equipped, & trained by US & Australia Many top leaders killed or captured: 2003: Capture of Hambali CIA & Thai police worked together Have been accused of torture to get information Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Tamil Tigers (LTTE) Established: July 23, 1983 May 18, 2009 ? Leader: Velupillai Prabhakaran Goal: establishment of Islamic state, Tamil Eelam in Sri Lanka Marxist/socialist leanings Campaign devolved into the Sri Lankan Civil War, one of the longest running armed conflicts in Asia (1983-2009) Estimated 80,000-100,000 lives lost in conflict Range of influence: Northern Sri Lanka, Southern India MO: Assassination of government officials, police, & politicians Infamous for: 1991: Suicide bombing assassination of Indian PM Rajiv Gandhi for India's support of Sri Lankan government's attempts to eradicate group Funding: limited from other terror groups, piracy, arms smuggling Recent activity: Reports of efforts to reorganize 2/24/11: EU renewed Tiger Status as terror org 3/9/11 Canada agrees to deport asylum seeker who arrived in Canada w/ 492 other saylum seekers fro Sri Lanka 3/14/11 SL PM stated that Tigers had new training camps in Southern India (33 miles from ethnic Tamil territory on SL- gov't withdrew comment stating PM was quoting incorrect intelligence Latin American Terrorism FARC Fuerzas Armadas Revolutionarias de Colombia (FARC) (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) Established: 1953/1964 Original leader: Jacobo Arenas Last known leader: Jorge Briceo Goal: Establish Communism in Colombia Began as class struggle Range of influence: Colombia, & immediate region Distinction: Largest and oldest terrorist organization in Americas 2007: self-proclaim 18K Other estimates 5000-10000 Infamous for: Extended retention of kidnapping victims Is responsible for approx. 100,000 deaths Funding: Drug trafficking, ransom, (kidnapping) extortion of MNC's Narcoguerilla theory" Toppling of Medellin and Cali drug cartels in early 1990's left a narcotic supply & power void filled by FARC "Narcoguerrilla" terrorism Coined by US Ambassador to Colombia, Lewis Tambs Narcoguerrilla theory argues that: FARC controls most aspects of Colombian & area's drug trade Colombian government is too weak to confront threat effectively US military support is warranted US military aid has increased to $1B/annum Recent efforts to stem FARC: Peace negotiations 1998- 2002 Presidency of lvaro Uribe, 2002- current Plan Patriota & Plan Resistencia 2002-2005 FARC was believed in a withdrawal due to the increasing military and police actions of new president 2005- Resurgence of violence Demand release of prisoners Killing of public officials Hostage-taking primary form of persuasion Known IRA connections Irish three: Jim Monaghan, Martin McCauley and Niall Connolly The Chavez connection. . . Arms Harboring FARC leaders Money Strategic planning January 11, 2008, Chavez called on European and Latin American governments to stop calling FARC a terrorist organization Calling for recognition as "belligerent force" would obliges them to renounce kidnapping , acts of terror, and respect for Geneva Conventions Prisioners: 2001-2006: Lortha Hintze 1998-2006: Julian Castro 2000-2006- Fernando Araujo 1998-2007: Jhon Pinchao 2002-2007: 12 deputies of Valle del Cauca, Sigfredo Lopez only survivor 2002-2008: Ingrid Betancourt Presidential candidate from Oxygen Green Party 2002-2008: vice presidential candidate Clara Rojas and former congresswoman Consuelo Gonzalez ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 07/02/2011 for the course POLI 391T taught by Professor Beaudoin during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online