final exam study guide terrorism

final exam study guide terrorism -...

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Neoconservatism -political philosophy that embraces using American economic and military power to “bring” liberalism, democracy, and human rights to other countries -Warhawks were neoconservatives in international relations theory, they were opposite of Doves/pacifists -George W. Bush and his administration Challenges with Hegemonies e By creating hegemons some will like it because it will create order, but others will be against it because they will feel like they are being used p Whole colonization issue… p Pros: can set agendas, looked to for leadership, have capacity to impact outcomes, have resource p Cons: resented when resources are used, resented for leadership Bush Doctrine 1) Unilateral use of force will use allies, but will go into battle on their own 2) Preemption before threats become immanent Deterrence (promise retaliation) and containment (stop spread of communism, enhance security and influence abroad) 3)- make the world safer, better p Last superpower, US has obligation to maintain and strengthen its global supremacy, and that will benefit **like the Marshall Plan **goes against Geneva convention **was Cold War policy b/c it viewed terrorists as state actors
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Warhawks vs. Doves e Warhawks- promote diplomatic and military aggression by governments. Bush Doctrine. Neo-cons p Doves- use non-violent means of conflict resolution b/t states and entities p Violence only for defense, use diplomacy. Violence is morally wrong. p 3 types of doves: active, nonviolent, self-defense Cold War/Realist view on Terrorism e Terrorism is a standalone identity p Events are without geopolitical context or strategic content p Terrorism is too policy oriented to be scholarly significant according to academic community Critiques of Bush Doctrine e Will create more Iraq situations p Will create more catastrophic events rather than eliminate p Diplomacy and multi-lateral pressure better than force p Counterterrorism intel. should inform—not make—policy Patriot Act e Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act. p 6 weeks after 9/11 p Wiretapping, fingerprints to get in US, sneak and Peak Searches p Longer detention w/out formal charges p Gov’t intel sharing p Helped create DHS
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2000 Commission on Terrorism Report e 4 problems w/ counterterrorism efforts: p Lack of Linguists p Lack of New Technology p Lack of Human Intel p Lack of Information Sharing ****biggest problem National Counter Terrorism Commission (NCTC) e Bridge info gap between US’s many Intel agencies p Serves as Central Knowledge bank for p Pentagon p FBI p CIA p Homeland Security p International Agencies p Responsibility: ANALYZE ONLY p Strengths: latest technologies, free of baggage, avoids groupthink p Challenges: lack of analysis experience, info overload, understaffing Department of Homeland Security (DHS) e Charged protecting mainland US from terror attacks and natural and man-made disasters p Created to streamline, better organize, and reduce redundancy in counterterrorism
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final exam study guide terrorism -...

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