Unformatted text preview: Left-Leaning American Terror Groups Black Panthers Originated: 1966 1982 Stimulus: 1967 CA, selective ban on weapons possession Motto: "Land, Bread, Housing, Education, Clothing, Justice and Peace Original leaders: Bobby Seale & Huey P. Newton Motive: Leftist, Pro/neo-Marxist Goal: Protection of black community from police brutality Black Panthers Black Panthers Range of influence: California and major US cities Motto: "Black Power" Defense against racial oppression Establishment of separate social institutions Self-sufficient economy Membership never grew to more than a few thousand Peaked at 10K in 1969 Never saw themselves as terrorists, only defenders of black rights http://www.blackpanther.org/ Decline: Split over defensive & social program or militancy as focus Were the panthers terrorists? Never saw themselves as terrorists, only defenders of black rights Evidence of governmental provocation Attracted young African American men with "criminal elements" The New Black Panthers Formed :1989- present Current Leader: Malik Zulu Shabazz Location: Dallas, TX Motive: Black nationalism, Pan-Africanism, Black supremacy, anticapitalism http://www.newblackpanther.org/ Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) The Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) Founded: 1972- 1975 Leader: Donald DeFreeze, Symbol: Seven-headed cobra Range of influence: California Goal: Start a leftist revolution MO : Murder, Kidnapping, Bank robbery The Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) Infamous for: Kidnapping of Patty Hearst Granddaughter of Media tycoon Outcome Hearst joined group Later claimed brainwashing Stockholm Syndrome Downfall Ill-fated move Shoot out- DeFreeze killed Weather Underground Organization AKA: Action Faction, Prairie Fire Organizing Committee Dates: 1969- 1977/1981 Primary motive: Leftist/Communist/Socialist Leader: No Key leader, Bill Ayers- co-founder MO: Days of Rage= rioting in streets, destroying public property, and bombing police vehicles & gov't buildings "Self-imploded" by 1977 Conference "hard times" to create umbrella org for US radical groups failed Single Issue Terror Army of God Founded: 1982 (?) Leader(s): Michael Bray/ Donald Spitz Primary Motive: Religious far-right End abortion New: End homosexuality Range of influence: Primarily US Some in Canada, Australia, New Zealand MO: Vandalism , kidnapping, stalking, assault, attempted murder, murder, arson, & bombings Funding: Private donations http://www.armyofgod.com/ Earth Liberation Front Founded: 1977/1992 Leader(s): No central leadership Craig Rosebraugh, spokesman Primary Motive: Environmental Timber and animal rights MO: "Sabotage" of economic and material interests "Monkeywrenching" Tree spiking, arson, vandalism of construction equipment Range of influence: Canada, US, Canada Funding Primarily self-funded http://earth-liberation-front.org/ Animal Liberation Front Founded: 1976/1982 Leader(s): Ronnie Lee, UK Not formally organized Primary Motive: Left-wing Environmental- animal Range of influence: UK, US, Canada MO: bombing & "sabotage" of facilities Fur companies & farms, research laboratories, and restaurants Funding: individuals fund their own activities http://animalliberationfront.com/ ELF & ALF While people have been threatened, no person, to date, has been injured by either group 1996-2002: responsible for > 600 incidents causing >$43M in damages Though sympathetic, PETA, "has not resorted to violence" The Lone Wolf The Unabomber Name: UNiversity and Airline BOMber Name: Theodor Kaxzynski Motive: Environmental MO: mail bombs How he got caught: His brother and his wife recognized his writing style in his manifesto and his stated beliefs and tipped off the FBI Status: serving life w/out possibility of parole in CO Nadal (Nidal) Malik Hassan Nickname: AbuWali Infamous for: Shooting (30) & killing 13 unarmed soldiers as they were preparing to deploy to Iraq Status: Waiting to standing trial 13 counts murder, 30 counts attempted murder Is he a terrorist and/or lone wolf? May, 2010: Army & FBI have determined he worked alone Terror in the US 20 40 30 Post 9/11 Terror in US All but terror incidents have been single issue ...
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- Spring '11
- Symbionese Liberation Army, primary motive, Earth Liberation Front