# ELM 555 Topic 2 Discussion 1.docx - Explain the difference...

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Explain the difference between summative assessment and formative assessment. When and how should teachers use each type of assessment? Provide two specific examples. Hey Class, Summative assessments occur at the end of the learning process (Schoenfeldt, & Salsbury, 2009). These are state assessments, SAT, ACT, unit posttests (Schoenfeldt, & Salsbury, 2009). In classroom, summative results are used for report cards. Formative assessments happen during instruction and gives the teacher a chance to provide feedback (Schoenfeldt, & Salsbury, 2009). Questions for formative assessments should be prepared prior to teaching the lesson, so the questions are mediocre, below or above intelligibility (Schoenfeldt, & Salsbury, 2009). Formative assessments should be used every day with instruction to improve teaching strategies and learning. Formative assessments can be done through observation, asking questions to the student about the lesson and providing feedback (Schoenfeldt, & Salsbury, 2009). Summative