4015_Tutorial_5

4015_Tutorial_5 - Madagascar and Indian Ocean Islands...

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Madagascar and Indian Ocean Islands Biodiversity Hotspot (Conservation International)
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Madagascar
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Endemic Species : 93% of mammals 58% of birds 96% of reptiles 99% of amphibians All 651 terrestrial snails 90% of the plants Thousands of new species have been described in the  last 15 years
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ONLY 10% OF THE ORIGINAL NATURAL FOREST  HABITAT REMAINS
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Destructive slash and burn farming Soil erosion 283 animals on the island are threatened with extinctio
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Conservation  Ethics hoto of Auguste Rodin’s “The Thinker” from Wikipedia
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Instrumental Value Instrumental Value: Nature is valued for what it can provide (man) Instrumental value: is also called “use value”
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Instrumental Value
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Anthropocentric  viewpoint  ( i.e. , from the perspective of  Homo sapiens  as “possessor”)
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Photos from Wikipedia Nature is valuable in and of  itself without calculating  value to man  Intrinsic Value
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Biocentric  or  ecocentric  viewpoint  ( i.e. , from the perspective of Nature  as “possessor”)
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Photo from Wikipedia Coined “conservation ethic” Conservation Biologists / Environmentalists in the U. S. Gifford Pinchot (1865 – 1946) First Chief of the U.S. Forest Service (1905 – 1910) Resource Conservation Ethic Utilitarian, anthropocentric “natural resource” philosophy
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Gifford Pinchot Pinchot is known for reforming the management and development of forests in the United States and for advocating the conservation of the nation's reserves by planned use and renewal. He called it "the art of producing from the
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4015_Tutorial_5 - Madagascar and Indian Ocean Islands...

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