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Unformatted text preview: Differential Geometry 1 Homework 05 1. Let ( x,y,z ) be the standard coordinates on R 3 and ( X,Y ) those on R 2 . Let ω ∈ Ω 2 ( S 2 ) be the standard twoform: ω = x d y ∧ d z + y d z ∧ d x + z d x ∧ d y and let F : R 2 → S 2 be inverse to stereographic projection from the north pole (0 , , 1). Prove that F * ω = 4 ( X 2 + Y 2 + 1) 2 d X ∧ d Y. 2. Prove explicitly that the twosphere has trivial de Rham cohomology in degree one: H 1 dR ( S 2 ) = 0 . Suggestion : Consider stereographic projection from the N and S poles. Solutions (1) In terms of the coordinates as given, note that x ◦ F = 2 X R 2 + 1 , y ◦ F = 2 Y R 2 + 1 , z ◦ F = R 2 1 R 2 + 1 where R 2 = X 2 + Y 2 . It follows that F * (d x ) = d( x ◦ F ) = 2 ( R 2 + 1) 2 (1 + Y 2 X 2 )d X 2 XY d Y F * (d y ) = d( y ◦ F ) = 2 ( R 2 + 1) 2 (1 + X 2 Y 2 )d Y 2 Y X d X F * (d z ) = d( z ◦ F ) = 4 ( R 2 + 1) 2 X d X + Y d Y ....
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This note was uploaded on 07/08/2011 for the course MTG 6256 taught by Professor Robinson during the Spring '09 term at University of Florida.
 Spring '09
 Robinson

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