Intelligence - Intelligence 1 Intelligence a Ability to...

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Intelligence 10-18-07 1. Intelligence a. Ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations 2. Aspects of Intelligence a. Verbal Ability b. Logical Ability c. Mathematical Ability d. Adaptability 3. Related Concepts a. Aptitude i. The ability to learn an area or skill b. Aptitude Test i. A test designed t predict a person’s future performance ii. Aptitude is the capacity to learn c. Achievement i. How much you have learned d. School Performance i. GPA? e. Potential i. Someone’s estimate of your future achievement level f. Skill i. The level at which you demonstrate your knowledge and abilities 4. Theories of Intelligence a. One or many? b. General or specific c. If more than one type of intelligence, how many? 5. General Intelligence (g) a. Factor that Spearman and others believed underlies specific mental abilities i. Measured by every task on an intelligence test 6. Specific Intelligence a. Unique intelligence specific to a particular area b. Uncorrelated to other specific intelligences c. There is no agreed upon number of how many 7. Two Kinds of Intelligence a. Fluid Intelligence i. Ability to learn new information and new ways of thinking ii. Peaks at early adulthood then declines b. Crystallized Intelligence i. Amount of knowledge and information ii. Continues to grow throughout life c. Independent
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i. The two are independent and you can be good in one but bad in the other 8. Social Intelligence a. The know-how involved in comprehending social situations and managing oneself 9. Savant Syndrome a. Condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill i. Computation ii. Drawing 10. Origins of Intelligence Testing a. The basis of the IQ test is from Binet 11. Binet’s Test a. School Skills b. Concurrent validity c. Age keyed 12. Mental Age a. A measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet b. Chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance c. Child who does as well as the average 8-year-old is said to have a mental age of 8 13. Intelligence Quotient (IQ) a. Defined originally as the ratio of mental age (MA) to chronological age (CA) multiplied by 100. b. 100 or greater is good and less than 100 is bad. 14. Binet Items a. Attend to simple instructions i. Name parts of the body ii. Compare lengths and weights iii. Counting coins iv. Assessing which of several faces is ‘prettier’ v. Naming objects in a picture vi. Digit span (the number of digits a person can recall after being shown a long list vii. Word definition 15. Stanford-Binet a. The widely used American revision of Binet’s original intelligence test i. Revised by Terman at Stanford University 16. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale a. WAIS i. Most widely used intelligence test b. Subtests i. Verbal ii. Performance (nonverbal) 17. Normal Curve
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a. The symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes.
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