APA Style - APA Style: The Basics APA A UNA University...

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Unformatted text preview: APA Style: The Basics APA A UNA University Writing Center Citation and Documentation Presentation Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr., Ms. Katie Sanders, Mr. Ash Taylor University Writing Center University of North Alabama October 5, 2007 Today’s Goals Today’s ► Learn what APA style is and why it is important ► Learn about the standard APA title page format ► Learn basic documentation for books, journals, Learn and websites and ► Learn the differences between methods of source Learn integration: summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting quoting ► Learn how to use signal phrases and in-text Learn citation to avoid plagiarism citation What is APA Style, and Why Use It? What ► American Psychological Association ► Style established in 1928 by Social Science Style professionals professionals ► Style provides guidelines for publication in Social Style Science Journals (such as Psychology, Sociology, Education, and Nursing) Education, ► Style lends consistency and makes texts more Style readable by those who assess or publish them readable American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association. American (5 An APA Title Page An ► Header (Upper Left Corner) ► The Words “Running head:” (no quotes) One Space Brief Title Header (Upper Right Corner) Page Number (number only) ► Title and Identification (Center of Page, Double Spaced) Full Title (Balance title over 2 lines rather than go to the far edges) Author(s) Name(s) School (ex. University of North Alabama) or Course Number and School Title (ex. EN 099: Basic Writing) – ASK YOUR PROFESSOR Title Date (Month date, year format) – ASK YOUR PROFESSOR Perrin, R. (2007). Pocket guide to APA style (2nd ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Perrin, Pocket p. 41 APA 6 An APA Title Page An p. 41 APA 6 APA Body Pages APA ► Body Pages in APA Style Reflect the Brief Body Title and Page Numbers in the heading like the Title Page but do not include the words “Running head:” “Running ► To accomplish this, when editing the header To (double clicking in header area or “insert -> header) check the box “Different First Page” in the top menu box. in p. 41 APA 6 APA Body Pages APA On the second page only, the title of the On paper is typed in the top, center of the first line before the prose begins. line p. 41 APA 6 Documentation Documentation ► Refers to the References list at the end of Refers the paper the ► The List is labeled References (centered, no font changes) starts at the top of a new page continues page numbering from the last page of text is alphabetical is double spaced Uses a hanging indent (1/2 inch – can be formatted from the Uses Paragraph dialog box in MS Word) Paragraph Perrin, R. (2007). Pocket guide to APA style (2nd ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Perrin, Pocket p. 49 & 180 APA 6 p. Documenting Authors Documenting ► One Author: One Koch Jr., R. T. (2004). ► Two Authors: Stewart, T., & Biffle, G. (1999). Stewart, ► Three to Seven Authors Wells, H. G., Lovecraft, H. P., Potter, H. J., Rowling, J. K., & Kirk, J. T. Wells, (2005). ► More than Seven Authors Smith, M., Flanagan, F., Judd, A., Burstyn, E., Bullock, S., Knight, S., Smith, … Garner, J. (2002). ► Same author? List by Year. Same year? Alphabetize by Same source title and add a letter to the year (1984a). source p. 174 - 176 APA 6 Documenting Books Documenting Model: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of Author, book. City: Publisher. book Sample: Perrin, R. (2007). Pocket guide to APA style (2nd ed.). Perrin, Pocket Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Boston: Internationally recognized cities do not need two Internationally letter state abbreviations. Publishers do not need Co. Ltd., etc. Co. p. 202 - 205 APA 6 Documenting Edited Collections Documenting Model: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Eds.). (Date of publication). Title of book. Author, Title City: Publisher. City: Model for an essay in an edited collection: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. In A.A. Author, Author (Ed.), Title of book (pp. ##-##). City: Publisher. (pp. Sample: McCabe, S. (2005). Psychopharmacology and other biologic treatments. In M. A. McCabe, Boyd (Ed.), Psychiatric nursing: Contemporary practice (pp.124-138). Psychiatric Philadelphia: Lippincott-Williams and Wilkins. Philadelphia: Perrin, R. (2007). Pocket guide to APA style (2nd ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Perrin, Pocket p. 202 - 205 APA 6 Documenting Journals Documenting Model: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Author, Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number if available), page numbers. number(issue Sample: Sample: Koch Jr., R. T. (2006). Building connections through Koch reflective writing. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 10(3), 208-213. 10 APA formatting and style guide – The OWL at Purdue. (2007). Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Retrieved October 01, 2007, from APA http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ p. 198 - 199 APA 6 Documenting Online Journals Documenting Journals listed on databases no longer require a retrieval date Journals or a url if a print copy of the journal exists. In this case treat source like a print version (previous slide). source Strictly online journals will require either a url or (more Strictly favorable) a DOI. favorable) DOI Sample: Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Kenneth, Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8. doi:0000000/000000000000 Journal URL Sample: Whitmeyer, J.M. (2000). Power through appointment [Electronic version]. Whitmeyer, Social Science Research, 29, 535-555. Retrieved from Social 535-555. http://www.address.com/entire/address http://www.address.com/entire/address p. 198 - 199 APA 6 APA formatting and style guide – The OWL at Purdue. (2007). Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Retrieved October 01, 2007, from APA http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ Documenting Websites Documenting Model for an authored document that is a whole site: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article/document. Author, Retrieved from http://Web address Model for an authored page/article from a site: Model Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article/document. Author, Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ Retrieved Sample (no author, article found on resource website): Nebraska school nurse honored during 100th Anniversary Celebration. (2007). Answers4Families. Retrieved from http://nncf.unl.edu/nurses/info/ anniversary.html anniversary.html No Author? List page title or article title first. No page title? List site title. No No Date? Use (n.d.) Date? APA formatting and style guide – The OWL at Purdue. (2007). Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Retrieved October 01, 2007, from APA http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ p. 214 - 215 APA 6 Why Source Integration? Why ► Quotations, paraphrases, and summaries provide support for claims or add credibility to your writing provide refer to work that leads up to the work you are now doing refer give examples of several points of view on a subject give call attention to a position that you wish to agree or disagree with call highlight a particularly striking phrase, sentence, or passage by highlight quoting the original distance yourself from the original by quoting it in order to cue distance readers that the words are not your own expand the breadth or depth of your writing expand Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing. (2004). Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Retrieved September 28, 2007, from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html p. 169 - 171 APA 6 Choosing Text to Integrate Choosing 1. 2. 2. 3. 3. 4. 4. Read the entire text, noting the key points and Read main ideas. Summarize in your own words what the single Summarize main idea of the essay is. Paraphrase important supporting points that Paraphrase come up in the essay. Consider any words, phrases, or brief passages Consider that you believe should be quoted directly. Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing. (2004). Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Retrieved September 28, 2007, from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html p. 169 - 172 APA 6 Summarizing Summarizing ► When you summarize, you put the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s). Summarized ideas must be attributed to the Summarized original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than the Summaries original. original. Summaries take a broad overview of source Summaries material. material. Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing. (2004). Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Retrieved September 28, 2007, from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html p. 170 - 174 APA 6 Paraphrasing Paraphrasing ► Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. Attribute paraphrases to their original sources. Paraphrases are usually shorter than, but may Paraphrases be the same length as the original passage. Paraphrases take a more focused segment of Paraphrases the source and condense it slightly. Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing. (2004). Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Retrieved September 28, 2007, from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html p. 170 - 174 APA 6 Quoting Quoting ► Quotations must be identical to the original. Quotations use a narrow segment of the source. Quotations They must match the source document word for word They and must be attributed to the original author. Use quotes when the actual words are so integral to the Use discussion that they cannot be replaced. discussion Use quotes when the author’s words are so precisely Use and accurately stated that they cannot be paraphrased. and Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing. (2004). Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Retrieved September 28, 2007, from Quoting, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html p. 170 - 174 APA 6 Signal Phrases and In-Text Citation Citation ► ► ► Signal phrases introduce someone else’s work – they Signal signal that the words and ideas that are about to be offered belong to someone other than the author of the paper. belong In-text citations are the parenthetical pieces of information In-text that appear usually at the end of a quote, paraphrase, or summary (though they sometimes appear before). summary A simple rule: simple Author or Title, Year, and Page: what isn’t Author Title Year, Page what signaled up front must be cited at the end. signaled cited p. 174 - 179 APA 6 Signal Phrases and In-Text Citation (continued) Citation ► Limited signal, everything in citation . . . end of paraphrased sentence, in which you convey the end author's ideas in your own words (Krepp, 1985, p. 103). author's " . . . end of quoted sentence" (Krepp, 1985, p. 103). ► Author and year in signal, page in citation In 1985, Krepp reported that . . . (p. 103). Krepp (1985) tells us that . . . (p. 103). According to Krepp (1985), ". . ." (p. 103). According Documenting sources at SNHU: APA style. (n.d.). Southern New Hampshire University. Retrieved September 17, 2007 from http://acadweb.snhu.edu/documenting_sources/apa.htm#Use%20a%20citation%20when%20you%20paraphrase http://acadweb.snhu.edu/documenting_sources/apa.htm#Use%20a%20citation%20when%20you%20paraphrase p. 174 - 179 APA 6 Signal Phrases and In-Text Citation (continued) Citation ► Multiple Authors signaled (Alphabetical) Studies (Jones, 1966; Krepp, 1985; Smith, 1973) have Studies shown that . . . shown ► No Author ("Stocks Lose Again," 1991, p. B16). According to the news article “Stocks Lose Again” (1991) According … end paraphrase or “quote” (p. B16). end ► No Page Number Provide other information in signal phrase Documenting sources at SNHU: APA style. (n.d.). Southern New Hampshire University. Retrieved September 17, 2007 from Documenting http://acadweb.snhu.edu/documenting_sources/apa.htm#Use%20a%20citation%20when%20you%20paraphrase http://acadweb.snhu.edu/documenting_sources/apa.htm#Use%20a%20citation%20when%20you%20paraphrase p. 174 - 179 APA 6 References References American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological American Association (5th ed.). Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association. (5 APA formatting and style guide – The OWL at Purdue. (2007). Purdue University Online Writing Lab. APA Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ Retrieved Documenting sources at SNHU: APA style. (n.d.). Southern New Hampshire University. Retrieved from Documenting http://acadweb.snhu.edu/documenting_sources/apa.htm#Use%20a%20citation%20when%20you http://acadweb.snhu.edu/documenting_sources/apa.htm#Use%20a%20citation%20when%20you %20paraphrase Homepage: APA style. (2007). American Psychological Association. Retrieved from Homepage: http://apastyle.apa.org Perrin, R. (2007). Pocket guide to APA style (2nd ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Pocket Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing. (2004). Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Retrieved from Quoting, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html ...
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